The history of the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts was not always easy. Established in 1910, both organizations were often seen as too masculine for young girls and getting them involved in much needed community service work. As these groups grew into adulthood, they eventually merged to become one co-ed organization doing good across America. Nowadays, it’s hard to think of a child without having encountered either group at some point during their childhood or even later on through college!

Scouting is a youth movement that has been around for more than 100 years. It was started by Robert Baden-Powell in England, who was also the founder of the British Army. Scouting has expanded to many countries and regions, including India. The Indian Scout website provides information about scouting history, what it means to be a scout, and how to become a scout yourself.

Bharat Scout and Guides (Its History, and about Boy and Girl Scouts)

You may learn about Bharat Scout and Guides, as well as Boy and Girl Scouts, in this section.

What is the Scouts and Guides of Bharat?

The Bharat Scouts or Guides are India’s Regional Scouting and Guiding Organization, with the Government of India recognizing BSG as its national headquarters.

Scouting was established in India in 1909 as just an overseas division of the Scout Association and become a part of the World Scout Organization in 1938. Guiding throughout India started around 1911 and was one of the founding members of the World Federation of Girl Guides as well as Girl Scouts in 1928, which now comprises Bangladesh &  Pakistan. Its BSG will represent 2,886,460 Guides (as of 2011) plus 1,286,161 Guides (since about 2005).

Scouting and Guides have a long and illustrious history.

1. The Boy Scouts of America

Scouting was first formed in British India in 1909, starting at the Bishop Cotton Boys’ School and eventually expanding to Bangalore. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Justice Vivian Bose, Girija Shankar Bajpai, Annie Besant, Pandit Hridayanath Kunzru, or George Arundale began scouting local Indians around 1913. Scouting was exclusively available to British and international Scouts prior to that day. The Cub portion debuted in 1916, followed by the Rover part in 1918.

J. S. Wilson, Calcutta’s Senior Deputy Commissioner of Police, has been teaching Scouting of Boys at the Calcutta Police Training College since 1916. Colonel Wilson worked with Arthur Pickford, the District Scout Commissioner, and in 1917 he was appointed Assistant Scout of a very ancient Mission Church Troop.

Furthermore, the two pushed for the admission of Indian boys to the Boy Scouts Association, which had been refused by an Indian government edict, so that “Scouting might train them to become revolutionaries.”

Wilson started working as Cubmaster and Scoutmaster at the time, but when Pickford was named Chief Scout Officer for India in May 1919, Wilson took over as District Commissioner.

The Boy Scouts in Bengal was established to get around the Government Order, with the same aims and methods. Many independent Scout organizations have started to arise, the Indian Boy Scouts Organization, established in 1916, headquartered in Madras and led by Annie Besant & George Arundale;

Nizam’s Scouts of Hyderabad; Boy Scouts of Baroda; Boy Scouts of Mysore; Seva Samiti Scout Association (Humanity Strengthen Provider Society), founded in 1917 only by Madan Mohan Malaviya and otherwise Hridayanath Kunzru and maybe located in Allahabad; Boy Scouts of Bengal and possibly others; Wilson authored a Scout Rally at a conference in Calcutta in August 1920. In addition, the Viceroy of India asked Lord Baden-Powell, who was then the Chief Scout of the World, to visit India.

Sirs and Madams At the end of January 1921, Baden-Powell arrived in Bombay for a short tour of the subcontinent before departing Calcutta for Rangoon. Following them, Alfred Pickford became one of their closest friends.

The symbol of an Indian Boy Scouts Organization–note that contemporary Burma, Pakistan, and Bangladesh will be included in the map. The logo of an Indian Boy Scouts organization–note that the proposal would encompass current Burma, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

The whole tour resulted in the Boy Scout Association of India bringing together all Scout groups save the Seva Samiti Scout Organization. Pickford traveled to England in 1922, and at their London headquarters, he was named Overseas Commissioner of a Boy Scouts Association. Nonetheless, his dream of recruiting local lads into the group had come true.

Following a rising of nationalism in 1938, the Boy Scouts of India lost a significant number of members. They founded India’s first co-educational Scout and Guiding Organization, together with Seva Samiti Scout Alliance and the newly created Indian National Scout Organization. In the same year, the Indian Boy Scouts Association joined the International Scout Organization.

2. Girl Scouts

The first Girl Guides Company was founded in 1911 at a Christ Church School in Jabalpur. The movement quickly grew: by 1915, there were over 50 companies with over 1,200 members, all of which were officially registered with the Girl Guide Organization and all of which were confined to girls of European heritage. The All India Girl Guides Organization was founded in 1916 by such corporations. In the same year, the firm opened its doors to Indian women.

J. S. Wilson was given rides to the Girl Guide meeting.

Girls themselves are unsure whether or not they want to ride in a police car or even a riot truck. They were scorching in the former, which concealed them from public view; in the latter, which were expanded concrete cells, they were more calm, but reminded me of a Calcutta Zoo!

In 1928, an all-India Girl Guides Organization became a founding member of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. During India’s independence or split in 1948, the aforesaid membership was renewed.

Scouts and Guides of India

Top politicians, including Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Mangal Das Pakvasa, as well as Scout leaders, aspired to combine the Indian Scouts and Guides in the early years after independence.

The Bharat Scouts and Guides were formed on November 7, 1950, when the Boy Scouts Association of India and the Bharat Scout Association merged to become the Bharat Scouts and Guides. On August 15, 1951, certain all-India Girl Guides Associations formed a new organization.

The BSG hosted the 17th World Scout Meeting in New Delhi during 1959. In the year 1966, the Sangam World Girl Guide / Girl Guide Center in Pune, Maharashtra, India, opened its doors. The idea for a fourth global center was first proposed in 1956 during a WAGGGS International Commission meeting in New Delhi.

A United Nations has selected Scouts and Guides of India named honorary “Peace Messengers” for the outstanding and meaningful contribution to either the International Year after Peace of 1986.

A squad of the 18th West Bombay Scouts

The 18th Sethna’s West Bombay Scout Group is India’s oldest and biggest Scout Group. It was formed in 1914 when Rustomji Edulji Sethna (1898–1954) was introduced to the Scouting of Boys book by Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting.

He was enamored with the book as well, and he established some of the earliest Indian Scout teams for aboriginal people. There have been some Scout courses in the past, but they were largely British expats in India.

Sethna refused to join one of the rival Scout organizations or register his units until Scouting was accessible to all people, regardless of race, caste, or creed. He discussed the distinction with Baden-Powell.

Many regulations had been changed by 1921, and all of them were allowed to join the Scouting society. From the day it started, the 18th West has been running nonstop. The party has never been able to operate due to either of the World Wars or the Indian partition.

The “girl guiding and girl scouting” is a movement that has been present for centuries. The movement started in America in the late 19th century. It was founded by two women, Juliette Low and Clara B. Anthony, who were frustrated with the lack of female leadership opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the history of scout and guide?

A: Scouts and Guides are the equivalent of Boy Scouts and Girl Guides. They both share a similar purpose in many countries, but have different names depending on which country youre from. In the United Kingdom, for example, they are known as Brownies or Beavers respectively.

When the Bharat Scouts and Guides was founded?

A: The Bharat Scouts and Guides was founded on the 1st of October, 1950.

Who is the founder of Scouts and Guides?

A: The founder of Scouts and Guides is Lord Robert Baden-Powell.

Related Tags

  • boy scouts history
  • world scout flag
  • scouting definition
  • world scout history
  • difference between scouts and guides

About the Author

Simon Jameson

Simon Jameson is an expert reviewer at and has been with us since 2017. Trust his reviews as he is also a regular user of all products that he reviews.

View All Articles