Indira Gandhi was the first woman to serve as Prime Minister of India and would go on to become one. She served in this role from 1966-1977 and remains a particularly controversial figure both for her politics and life after death, with many people claiming she did not die but is still alive today.
Indira Gandhi was one of India’s greatest leaders, who led her country to freedom from British rule in 1947.
Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician who served as the first and only female Prime Minister of India. She is known for her work towards women’s rights, social justice, and freedom from colonial rule.
In this post, you will find a 1000-word essay about Indira Gandhi written for kids and youngsters. Their childhood, education, political career, death, and personal lives are all discussed.
In 1000 words, write an essay on Indira Gandhi for students and children.
Indira Gandhi was one of the most powerful political figures in Indian history. He was India’s first and only female Prime Minister till today.
She was a leading figure in the Indian National Congress party. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, was her father.
Indira Gandhi began her career as her father’s assistant and hostess. She was also elected as the President of the Congress and a Rajya Sabha Member. She was a member of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet.
Her most well-known deed was the fight against Pakistan, which aided Bangladesh’s independence. She also enforced Emergency Rule in India, which was seen as a contributing factor in her demise.
Indira Gandhi was one of India’s most influential political figures.
Early Childhood Development and Education
On November 19th, 1917, Indira Gandhi was born. She was the only daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, a key player in India’s independence movement. Indira Nehru was her first name. Motilal Nehru, her grandpa, was a leader in India’s independence campaign.
During her childhood, she was quite lonely. Her father was often gone from her, while her mother was bedridden due to sickness and eventually died of TB at a young age. Indira Gandhi was largely taught by private tutors and attended school on a regular basis.
Indira Gandhi attended Delhi’s Modern School, St. Cecilia and St. Mary’s Convent schools, Geneva’s International School, and Poona and Bombay’s Pupils’ School. Swami Vivekananda was her teacher when she relocated to Belur Math. In Bolpur, West Bengal, she attended Shantiniketan University.
Indira Gandhi traveled to Oxford University in London to further her education in 1938. At the age of 25, she married Feroze Gandhi and had two children, Sanjay and Rajiv.
Career in Politics and Major Works
She became her father’s personal assistant when Congress took power following the country’s independence. She was elected to the Congress working committee in 1955, and her career took off when she was named honorary President of the Indian National Congress in 1956.
She was elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of Parliament. She was appointed to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting during Lal Bahadur Shastri’s time as Prime Minister.
First term as Prime Minister: The tragic death of Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 dealt a major shock to Indian politics. Indira Gandhi was nominated as Prime Ministerial candidate as a result of this compromise between the party’s left and right wings.
Morarji Desai was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister by her. Her political moves have been scrutinized from the very beginning. She was seen as a stooge with little political clout. There was very little space for mistake in this situation.
Morarji Desai, a right-wing politician, was a staunch opponent of Indira Gandhi. Due to increasing commodity prices, unemployment, economic stagnation, and the food crisis, Congress gained a slender majority.
To boost the economy, she devalued the currency, making business considerably more difficult. She brought wheat from the United States to help alleviate the food crisis, despite having had a conflict with them. Her choice was not well received by the other members of the party.
Despite this, the animosity inside the group continued to rise. Indira Gandhi made a hasty move to nationalize banks without consulting the Finance Minister. Her uncontrolled behavior enraged the rest of the gathering. The conservative wing of the party, headed by Morarji Desai, ousted her.
With the help of her supporters, Indira Gandhi created a new form of the party. She then launched a new campaign called “Garibi Hatao,” which is based on the notion of poverty eradication. This is the first time that the poorest members of society have been prioritized.
Indira Gandhi’s campaign was an enormous success, and she won the Lok Sabha election in 1971 on the strength of it. She was a staunch supporter of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). She bolstered their civil war with military assistance in order to destroy Pakistan.
Bangladesh was recognized as a free nation for the first time by Indira Gandhi. Even during this period of triumph, however, the party was chastised for its high inflation rate. Gujarat and Bihar were the epicenters of the protests. Jaynarayan Prakash, a popular politician, quit his job to lead the protest.
India’s National Emergency and Indira Gandhi
Her party, the New Congress Party, dominated the state legislative election in 1972, riding high on her military win against Pakistan. However, Indira Gandhi’s opponent party filed a charge sheet against her, accusing her of breaking election regulations.
The judgement against Indira Gandhi was handed out by the High Court in 1975. As a result, she was stripped of her position and told to stay out of politics for six years. She went to the Supreme Court to challenge the ruling. The judgment, however, went against Indira Gandhi.
She refused to accept the verdict and declared a state of emergency. During this time, the newspaper’s freedom of speech was taken away. Indira Gandhi imprisoned all of the opposing party’s leaders.
A slew of new laws were established that curtailed people’s liberty. She also put in place a number of notorious policies, such as mass sterilisation as a form of fertility control.
Return to the Office After Losing Power
Many people thought that Indira Gandhi’s decision to declare the Emergency was the beginning of her demise. Her popularity plummeted throughout the nation. People were irritated by her and expressed their displeasure with her.
The public backlash was strong and broad. The Emergency was abolished in 1977, and the political leaders were freed. The long-delayed parliamentary session took place, and Indira Gandhi’s party was soundly defeated. The Bharatiya Janata Party was elected to power, and Prime Minister Morarji Desai was appointed.
She quit the Congress Party and founded the Congress (I) — “I” stands for Indira Gandhi. She was sentenced to prison after being accused of government corruption. Indira Gandhi gained seats in the Lok Sabha despite these reverses, and her party grew in power.
She won a large number of seats in the Lok Sabha election in 1980, and her son, Sanjay, became the Chief Advisor. All legal proceedings against them were dropped.
However, following Sanjay’s death in an aircraft accident, the party began seeking for a replacement. Rajiv was prepared for the job by her. She developed a strong connection with Russia in order to get assistance in the struggle against Pakistan.
Indira Gandhi’s death
In the early 1980s, there was mounting concern over India’s fragmentation. Other faiths, particularly Sikhs, threatened to destabilize the country’s cohesiveness. They sparked a massive uprising and marched to Amritsar’s Sun Temple to mount an assault on the government.
In the temple, Gandhi authorized a military action, which resulted in the deaths of 450 Sikhs. This catastrophe shocked the whole country to its core. On October 31st, 1984, her bodyguard killed her within his yard in New Delhi as a form of retaliation.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is Indira Gandhi essay?
A: Indira Gandhi is the current Prime Minister of India
How would you describe Indira Gandhi?
A: Indira Gandhi was a highly educated woman who served as the Prime Minister of India during 1971-77. She also took part in leading many social reforms, including bans on alcohol and adultery
Why is India a good English essay?
A: India is a good English essay because it has the highest number of native speakers and also because its considered one of the most important countries in cultural history.
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