The life story of Maharana Pratap is one that is filled with quotes and events that are still relevant to the Indian society. A few examples include his fight for freedom from Mughal rule, his love for nature, a selfless act in which he used himself as a shield against attacks on his army.
The “Maharana Pratap death” is a historical event that occurred in India. Maharana Pratap was the king of Mewar and fought against Akbar, the Mughal emperor. He died at the age of 33.
In this Maharana Pratap essay, you will learn about his birth, previous life, narrative, Haldi ghati battle, family, accomplishments, horse Chetak, and Death. Maharana Pratap Singh is also his name.
So, let’s get this Maharana Pratap Essay started…
1200 word essay about Maharana Pratap for students and children
Maharana Pratap Singh was the Shishodia dynasty’s monarch in Mewar’s Udaipur. Pratap’s name will live on in history because of his bravery and tenacity. He battled the Mughal Emperor Akbar for several years and beat him many times in combat.
Since childhood, he has been courageous, daring, self-respecting, and a lover of freedom. He opposed Akbar’s subjection as a freedom fighter. As a result, Akbar sent four peace envoys to Maharana Pratap. Jalal Khan Korchi, Mansingh, Bhagwan Das, and Todarmal were the names of King Akbar’s peace envoys.
Maharana Pratap’s Childhood and Early Years
Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540, at the Rajasthani fort of Kumbhalgarh. However, we commemorate his birth on the Hindi date of Jyeshtha Shukla Tritiya. Maharana Uday Singh was his father, while Rani Jeevat Kanwar was his mother.
He was Rana Sanga’s grandson. Everyone used to refer to Maharana Pratap as ‘Kika’ when he was little. According to the Vikram Samvat calendar, Maharana Pratap’s birth anniversary is observed every year on the Shukla Paksha Tritiya of the Jyestha month.
Maharana Pratap’s Story
According to the current calendar, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540, in Mewar, North-South India. This day falls on the Teej of the first month of Shukla Paksha, according to the Hindi Panchang. Pratap’s birthday is still commemorated throughout Rajasthan. Pratap was the son of Maharani Jayvanta Bai and Rana Udai Singh of Udaipur. Maharana Pratap’s first queen was called Ajabde Punwar. Two boys were born to Amar Singh and Bhagwan Das. Later, Amar Singh ascended to the throne.
Rana Udai Singh had additional spouses besides Maharani Jayawanta, including Rani Dhir Bai, who was Uday Singh’s favorite. Uday Singh was to be succeeded by Rani Dheer Bai’s son Jagmal Rana. Rana Udai Singh had two sons, Shakti Singh and Sagar Singh, in addition to this. They planned to take over the kingdom once Rana Udai Singh died, but Praja and Rana Ji saw Pratap as the rightful heir. As a result, these three brothers despised Pratap.
The Mughals used this animosity to expand their triumph over Chittor. Aside from that, numerous Rajput monarchs fell prey to Mughal emperor Akbar and accepted suzerainty. As a result, the Mughals were awarded control over Rajputana. Pratap battled valiantly till he exhaled his last breath. Despite this, the Mughals were defeated by Rana Udai Singh and Pratap.
Because to mutual conflicts between their foot and families, Rana Udai Singh and Pratap lost the fort of Chittor, although they both depart the fort for the good of their people. Also, keep the difficulties safe from the outer world. The whole family and community go to Udaipur, to Aravali. Pratap prospers Udaipur and protects the subjects via his hard work and commitment. Rajputana opposed Pratap:
Many Rajputs joined hands with Akbar personally out of fear or a desire to be king. Likewise, Akbar desired to conquer Rana Uday Singh. In 1576, Akbar appointed Raja Man Singh as leader of the army under his banner, along with Todar Mal and Raja Bhagwan Das, who all joined and conducted war against Pratap and Rana Udai Singh.
War of Haldi-Ghati (18 June 1576)
This was the most important war in history, with a severe conflict between the Mughals and the Rajputs, with many Rajputs abandoning Pratap and accepting Akbar’s rule.
Raja Man Singh commanded 5000 warriors on behalf of Akbar in 1576, and by placing 3000 soldiers at Haldighati, he sounded the bugle of war. Afghan monarchs backed Pratap, including Hakim Khan Sur, who stood by him till his Death.
This Haldighati conflict lasted many days. The Mewaris sought refuge within the fort. People and state officials began to coexist. Even food and water were in low supply due to the extended fighting. Self-feeding for youngsters and troops was limited by women. In this fight, everyone rallied around Pratap.
When Akbar saw Rajput’s spirits, he couldn’t help himself from complimenting them. However, Pratap was defeated in this combat because to a shortage of food. All the Rajput ladies pledged themselves to Agni by embracing the Zohar system on the final day of the conflict. Others fought with the army and captured Veergati. Pratap’s son, Rana Udai Singh, Maharani Dheer Bai Ji, and Jagmal had already been sent from Chittoor by the most senior officials.
He discreetly drove Pratap and Ajbade out of the fort the day before the conflict by giving them sleeping pills. His reasoning was that Pratap’s life was required for ultimate protection in order to restore Rajputana. When Mugula took over the fort, he couldn’t locate Pratap anywhere, putting an end to Akbar’s goal of capturing him. Pratap arrived at Chawand, an obscure city, after laboring hard in the wilderness for many days after the fight. Despite his best efforts, Akbar was unable to conquer Pratap.
Marana Pratap’s family
During his lifespan, he married 11 times. Maharani Azbade Punwar, Amarbai Rathore, Ratnawatibai Parmar, Jasobai Chauhan, Phool Bai Rathore, Shahmatibai Hada, Champabai Jhati, Khichar Asha Bai, Alamdebai Chauhan, Lakhabai, Solankhinipur Bai were the names of Maharana Pratap’s 11 wives.
Maharana Pratap had 17 sons from all of these queens, including Amar Singh, Bhagwan Das, Sheikh Singh, Kunwar Durjan Singh, Kunwar Ram Singh, Kunwar Raibhana Singh, Chanda Singh, Kunwar Hathi Singh, Kunwar Natha Singh, Kunwar Garbage Singh, Kunwar Kalyan Das, Sahas Mall, Kunwar Jaswant Singh, Kunwar Puran Mall, Kunwar Gopal, Kunwar Sanwal Das Singh, Kunwar
Rana Pratap modified his war approach according to the time and circumstances, and the Mughal army suffered terrible casualties as a result of interrupting the opposing army’s trade and adopting a guerilla warfare strategy. The Mughal military was thrown into disarray as a result. Except for Chittor, Ajmer, and Mandalgarh, Rana Pratap gradually freed the whole state of Mewar from Mughal rule.
For more than 20 years, Rana Pratap battled the Mughals. During this time, he encountered hardships and strange occurrences. He had lost control of all the forts. With his family, he had to trek from one hill to the next. His family had to satiate their hunger with wild fruits on a regular basis. Like the Himalayas, Rana Pratap’s steely determination remained unchanging and indomitable.
Chetak’s power is undeniable. Chetak was the name of Maharana Pratap’s favorite horse. Chetak was a horse with a keen sense of humour. Maharana Pratap’s life had been spared several times by him. Pratap was riding his great Chetak towards the hills during the Haldi valley fight when two Mughal troops appeared behind him. Chetak caught up, but there was a mountain stream in the way.
Chetak was rapidly skipped during the fight, but the Mughals were unable to cross it. The Chetak drain had been overrun, but now it was slowing down, and they could hear Mughal horses’ hearths from the rear. When Pratap turned around, he only saw one cavalryman: his brother Shakti Singh.
He was a traitor to Akbar because of his personal feud with Pratap, and he was fighting for the Mughal side in the battlefield. When Shakti Singh saw the blue horse approaching the mountain without a servant, he stealthily followed him. However, Shakti Singh assassinated both Mughals.
They embraced both brothers for the first time in their lives. Meanwhile, Chetak collapsed to the ground, and Chetak died as Pratap was opening his saddle and putting it on the horse brought by his brother. Later, a pedestal was built at that location to commemorate his Death.
Maharana Pratap suffers injuries as a result of a freak event. Pratap put up his life on January 29, 1597. He was just 57 years old at the time. In Rajasthan, people still commemorate him with a celebration.
At his grave, people pay their respects. Akbar was amazed by Pratap’s courage. With reverence, Akbar looked upon Pratap and his subjects. Finally, during the battle of Haldighati, those who had Veergati in their army were offered a last goodbye in Hindu tradition.
I hope you like this Maharana Pratap essay. Thank you for taking the time to read this.
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