Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is widely regarded as one of the most influential and important figures in modern history. His non-violent philosophy has been a source of inspiration for people from various walks of life all over the world, but particularly to those who actively pursued his ideals during his lifetime.

Mahatma Gandhi is an Indian political and spiritual leader who led India to independence from British rule. He was a key figure in the Indian independence movement in South Africa. In this essay, I will be discussing Mahatma Gandhi’s life as well as his impact on society.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in 1500+ Words

Read an inspiring essay about Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, in this article. This Bapu essay is intended for students and youngsters of various grades. It covers his early life, values, leadership accomplishments, and more.

Students and children’s essay about Mahatma Gandhi (1500+ words)

India is a place of remarkable ladies and men who have contributed to the country in such admirable ways that Indians will remember them forever. Many great men gave their bodies, brains, and fortunes to the cause of freedom.

One of these amazing guys was Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was a man of his time who was revered by the whole globe.

Education and Childhood

On the 2nd of October 1869, this famous man was born in the Gujarati town of Porbandar. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was his full name.

His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan of Rajkot, while his mother, Putlibai, was a religiously minded lady. Mata’s character left an indelible mark on Mohandas’ personality.

He traveled to England for advocacy after finishing his basic school in Porbandar and clearing the matriculation exams in Rajkot. On his return following layer study, he was recommended. During his trial, he was forced to go to South Africa. They were unlucky to see the situation of the Indians there.

He was enlisted in the service of Indians once his national spirit was reawakened. The Satyagraha activities were founded by Gandhi in response to the British’s cunning policies and inhumane actions. He was the leader of the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Principles

Gandhiji used Satyagraha as his major means of protesting the British. Gandhi started the Satyagraha activities in response to the British’s deceptive agenda and callous actions in the face of nonviolent weapons.

He was the leader of the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement. In face of Gandhiji’s high command and truth, the British bowed down and departed India. As a result, on August 15, 1947, our nation declared independent.

Gandhi Ji’s Other Works

Gandhiji called him ‘Harijan’ after the untouchables he rescued. He stressed the use of local items and worked to erase inequalities in language, caste, and religion.

He taught how to spin yarn, respect other faiths, and live a life of truth and nonviolence. Gandhiji offered the world the message of peace.


Gandhiji dominated the hearts of the Indian people with a sense of fraternity and love. They wanted Ramrajya to be established in the nation. India was split into two pieces after its independence: India and Pakistan. He felt depressed about it.

It was India’s misfortune that after independence, we could not retain the direction of this man for very long. Gandhiji’s life was cut short on January 30, 1948, by a gunshot fired by Nathuram Godse.

From India’s midst, a visionary and epoch-eater vanished. Although Gandhiji is no longer with us, his ideal ideas will live on in our hearts. His name will live on forever.

Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership

All India from north to south or east to west was united under the Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership. His appeal to the Indian masses, especially to the poor class, witnessed no leader.

On a single summons by Mahatma Gandhi, or Bapu (as he was affectionately called in India), people from all socioeconomic categories gathered in the millions, forgetting about religion and caste divisions.

His uncompromising adherence to the principles of nonviolence and Satyagraha earned him worldwide acclaim. In South Africa, where he battled for the citizenship rights of original African and Indian people, he had and still has a large following.

His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence was unparalleled, and it is still widely regarded that India gained independence on August 15, 1947, solely as a result of his nonviolent and Satyagraha policies.

The Early Years of Mahatma Gandhi’s Life

Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822-1885) and Putlibai Gandhi (1822-1885) had a son named Mahatma Gandhi (1844-1891). Karamchand was noted for his abilities and hard work despite having just a basic education and served as Diwan of the princely kingdom of Porbandar (Gujarat).

In 1874, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi traveled to Rajkot to act as the Maharaja’s counsellor. He was named Diwan of Rajkot in 1876. In Porbandar, Gandhiji received his primary training.

He was a good student who received the prize, yet he was quiet and introverted. The legends of Shravana Kumar and Satyavadi Raja Harish Chandra influenced Gandhiji greatly, and they played an important part in molding his career and aspirations.

His Mother Putlibai, an enthusiastic devotee who began her work with prayer, had a tremendous impact on Mahatma Gandhi. She’s also renowned for posting two to three times a week without missing a beat.

Gandhiji married Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia when he was 13 years old, and then again when he was 14 years old in May 1883. Their first child died at a young age. He hardly lasted a few days. Harilal (1888), Manilal (1892), Ramdas (1897), and Devdas (1898) were their four sons (1900).

In November 1887, Gandhi Ji graduated from college in Ahmedabad and enrolled in Samaldas College in Bhavnagar, but he dropped out to join his family in Porbandar.

A law graduate from the University of London

Mahatma Gandhi was advised by Mavji Dave Joshiji, a brahmana and friend of the Gandhi family, to travel to London and acquire a degree from the Inner Temple.

Despite Gandhiji’s willingness to travel to London, his mother Putlibai was emphatic about not sending him because she was afraid he would go for booze and meat. When Gandhiji issued the command to abstain from drink, meat, and women, it gradually faded.

Gandhiji returned to India at the age of 22 in June 1891 and began practicing layering.

Mahatma Gandhi practiced law as a lawyer.

Gandhiji arrived in India from London in June 1891. He briefly worked as a lawyer in Mumbai, but he failed due to his inability to question witnesses.

He subsequently went to Rajkot, where he earned a meager living by preparing petitions for trial parties, but was compelled to cease working due to a disagreement with a British commander.

South African human rights campaigner (1893–1914).

Dada Abdullah, a rich Muslim businessman from Kathiawar, contacted Gandhi Ji during his apprenticeship in Rajkot.

Abdullah had a thriving forwarding firm in South Africa and wanted a lawyer to handle the issue in South Africa, preferably from the Kathiawar area. Gandhiji inquired about his pay, which he found acceptable. He traveled to Johannesburg in 1893. (South Africa).

Gandhiji encountered racial prejudice based on skin color when he arrived in South Africa. He was kicked out of the first-class cabin of the train he boarded and protested, spending the night at the station, shivering and refusing to board another train.

He was able to board the next day, but the episode had a tremendous impact on him and planted the roots of civil rights movements in South Africa and India.

Gandhi Ji’s trip to Africa came to a conclusion in 1894. The Indian commercial community rallied behind Gandhiji and pushed him to remain longer in order to legally aid buyers and employees, who were mostly uneducated and couldn’t read or write in English. Mahatma Gandhi consented to remain because of the confidence and responsibility bestowed upon him by the Indian community.

During his time in South Africa, he advocated for the Natal Indians’ civil rights, insisting that they be treated equally to white people. In travel, hotels, and other public areas, he battled prejudice. In 1894, Gandhiji created the Native Indian Congress with the goal of securing equal human rights for Indians in South Africa.

Later in life, he fought for the voting rights of Africa’s indigenous peoples and organized several marches for the “right to vote.” When black Africans were granted the opportunity to vote in 1894, Gandhi Ji was declared a national hero, and numerous sculptures of Mahatma Gandhi may still be seen across South Africa.

The Indian Independence Movement (1915–1947) was a period of political upheaval in India.

In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa, enraged by the British Empire’s crowded politics. He battled for Indians who were subjected to discriminatory tax regulations enacted by the British administration, adhering to his doctrine of nonviolence and civil disobedience. Rabindranath Tagore presented him with the title of Honorary Mahatma (Great Soul) on March 6, 1915.

During World War I, Gandhiji played a crucial role in recruiting Indian youngsters to serve in the army. In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi became the head of the Indian National Congress. He coordinated rallies against the British Empire’s harsh policies and discriminatory tax rules.

Some of the key actions he led include Champaran’s enthusiasm, Kher’s excitement, the Khilafat movement, and the non-cooperative movements. He spearheaded the Dandi march in protest of the British administration’s taxation on Indian salt manufacturing in the coastal city of Dandi (Gujarat).

The Dandi march attempted to produce salt from saltwater, which was a typical method among Indians, particularly in coastal areas, to supply their salt requirements. The Dandi march began on March 12th, 1930, and lasted for 25 days. The British authorities ultimately surrendered to the demonstrations on April 6, 1930.

Apart from the Salt Satyagraha, he led several anti-British Empire actions, including the Swadeshi Movement, the Quit India Movement, and others, bringing India to absolute independence, or “Purna Swaraj” or Self-Governance.

‘You performed magnificently, Saint of Sabarmati, giving us freedom without a shield and a weapon.’

Gandhiji is often referred to as “Mahatma Gandhi.”


Due to the partition of India and Pakistan, millions of individuals crossed borders in the goal of ensuring the religious majority’s safety. Massive riots ensued, with millions of people killed on both sides.

While other national leaders were celebrating independence, Gandhi journeyed to far-flung parts of Punjab and Bengal, urging people to practice nonviolence and peace.

Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, has died.

During the Indian Independence Movement, Mahatma Gandhi went on a number of fast strikes. One of his most recent demands, as approved by the Indian government, was for money from the newly formed Pakistan.

After the Pakistani army invaded Jammu and Kashmir, the Indian government paid Pakistan 25 crowns out of 75 crowns but refused to pay the remaining sum.

The Indian authorities feared that the money would be used against India by Pakistani soldiers. Gandhiji, on the other hand, was opposed to the choice, claiming that it would signify a return to an agreement between them.

He sat on the fast until he died or his demands were satisfied, whichever came first. Gandhi was assassinated in 1948 by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, who believed Gandhi’s support for Pakistan was anti-Indian.


Mahatma Gandhi campaigned for civil rights throughout his life, adhering to the ideals of nonviolence and civil disobedience.

When he was in South Africa, he was the most extraordinary leader of Indian heritage, fighting for the civil rights of Indians and indigenous peoples and playing a key part in the Indian independence struggle.

His appeal to the people earned him titles like Mahatma and Bapu, and he was dubbed “Father of the Nation.” On October 2nd, his birthday, he is honored as a national holiday in India and as an International Day against Violence across the globe.

I hope you like this Mahatma Gandhi essay for pupils.

Mahatma Gandhi was a man who changed the world. He is often called the Father of India and he led India to independence from British rule. In this essay for students, I will discuss his life and how he influenced the world. Reference: mohandas gandhi.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I write Mahatma Gandhi essay?

A: Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian political and spiritual leader who is believed to be the father of the nation. He led India in a mass nonviolent movement that pushed for independence from British rule. You can write about his life, how he influenced society or what it means to you as an individual.

Who was Gandhi paragraph?

A: Gandhi was a political and spiritual leader who led many non-violent campaigns for his country. He helped India gain independence from British rule and is well known as an influential figure in world history, often referred to as the Father of the Nation.

What is the message of Gandhi to the students?

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