Plastic pollution is a global crisis. The world produces 300 million tons of plastic every year, about 8 million pieces per day. This makes it the second-largest polluter on Earth (behind only carbon dioxide) and threatens to choke off marine life from consuming their food source, plankton that live in the water column near the surface of our oceans.

The “essay on plastic pollution 150 words” is a short essay that discusses the effects of plastic pollution. The essay will be helpful to students and children’s who are interested in learning about the issue.

Essay on Plastic Pollution for Students and Children's in 1700 Words

We’ve included an essay about plastic pollution in this post. We’ve also covered the causes, negative consequences, and solutions for a plastic-free world. This is a 1700-word thorough essay for students, children, and the UPSC Exam.

So, start reading the Plastic Pollution Essay…

What is Plastic Pollution and How Does It Affect Us? (Introduction)

As the world’s population expands, so does the amount of waste produced. On-the-go lifestyles need quick-replaceable things like beverage bottles or water cans; nonetheless, the widespread availability of these items has led to rising amounts of plastic garbage throughout the globe.

Because plastics contain large hazardous chemicals, they may pollute the air, land, and water, causing major environmental harm.

Plastic pollution is defined as the buildup of plastic items, particles (for example, plastic bottles, pouches), and microbeads in the atmosphere of life on Earth, which has a detrimental impact on wild animals, habitat, and people. Plastics that operate as pollutants were divided into three categories based on their size: micro, meso, and macro debris.

Polymers were affordable and dependable, but the amount of plastic produced by humans is large as a result. Furthermore, the chemical makeup of most plastics renders them very resistant to a variety of other natural breakdown processes, making them difficult to decompose. Together, these two factors contributed to the widespread use of plastic garbage in the environment.

Plastic’s applications in everyday life

Plastics come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and they are frequently employed in our everyday lives. Today, it’s difficult to locate a material that isn’t made of plastic. Thermosets, often known as thermoplastics, are utilized in a variety of products.

The following are a few examples of plastic objects that people routinely utilize in their daily lives. PET fabric and polyester condensers, LCDs, and plastic tapes–fabrics, clothes, curtains, carpets, conveyors, mouldings, tarpaulins, etc. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)–used in water bottles, tubes, detergent bottles, food trays in microwaves, as well as PET fabric and polyester condensers, LCDs, and plastic tapes

Floor or wall corsets made of polyvinyl chloride, car instrument sheets, electrical wire sheaths, toys, syringes, fabric coverings, window frames, and other high-density polyethene construction materials Plastic bags, garbage bags, medication bottles, empty food containers, bottles, and milk bottle liners are all examples of items that may be recycled.

Plastic pollution comes in many forms.

Although it may seem that addressing chemical waste problems is as simple as recycling or washing empty bottles, the fact is that polluting plastic may vary in size from big to tiny.

1. Plain and simple trash

Even if you don’t want it on particular items, plastic is everywhere around us. Milk crates are stuffed with cardboard, water bottles are strewn around, and some products may even include little plastic objects. Chemical pollutants are more likely to reach the environment and cause damage each time one of these items is dumped or swept away.

2. Excessive usage

Plastic is one of the many widely accessible yet abused goods in today’s society due to its low cost. When burned in the open, this does not degrade quickly and pollutes the surrounding soil or groundwater.

3. Nets for fishing

Commercial fisheries are an unavoidable requirement in certain parts of the globe, yet many people consume fish on a daily basis. Nonetheless, this industry has resulted in a number of solutions to the problem of plastic trash in the seas. Plastic is often employed in the nets used for various large-scale troll operations.

Second, they spend a lot of time submerged in water, where they may freely release toxins, yet they are often dissolved or killed, allowing them to survive wherever they land. It not only kills and harms local animals, but it also causes toxins to swim away and contaminate nearby fish.

4. Garbage and Plastic Disposal

Most plastics were constructed of plastic, but most of the components were not biodegradable, making disposal difficult. There were no natural processes in place to recycle non-biodegradable plastics. It cannot be recycled or allowed to starve in the manner in which conventional garbage is abandoned or spilled.

Even reuse does not reduce steel use since it recycles existing polymers in a new form. In a number of methods, the practice of paper recycling may result in the release of plastic allergens.

Plastic Pollution’s Negative Effects

Plastic trash has long-term social, economic, and ecotoxicological consequences. Entanglement, swallowing, and starvation are some of the physical effects on marine life. Chemical influence: the accumulation of leftover chemical poisons like PCBs and DDT.

It’s easy to understand how this quantity of oil, which isn’t meant to penetrate, can harm the environment over time, causing long-term problems for plants, animals, and humans. The following are a few of the major long-term repercussions of pollution:

1. It messes up the food flow.

Polluting elements, which arrive in smaller and larger dimensions, damage even the tiniest species on the planet, such as plankton. When these species get contaminated as a result of plastic eating, it poses a threat to larger creatures that depend on them for food. Any step farther down the food supply chain might spark a slew of problems.

Furthermore, research means that the plastic is present in the seafood that so many people consume on a daily basis.

2. Pollution of groundwater

Also, have a look at this article about rainwater collection.

Chemicals are discharged to the soil and seep into groundwater, resulting in groundwater pollution (also known as groundwater contamination). Such a sort of water pollution may also develop naturally as a result of the existence of a minor and undesired component, contaminant, or impurity in subsurface water, in which case it is more likely to be referred to as waste rather than pollution.

Plastics are responsible for almost all of the garbage and pollution that pollutes the world’s seas. It will have disastrous effects for a number of marine species, with ramifications for individuals who feed fish or other sea creatures for food, such as humans.

3. Pollution of the Land

Once thrown in landfills, the plastic reacts with water or forms harmful compounds. If these toxins flow deep into the water, they degrade its quality.

The stench wafts across the trash and transports garbage from one spot to the next. They may also get entrapped in poles, traffic lights, shrubs, walls, buildings, and other structures, as well as predators who may appear in the area and choke to death.

4. Pollution of the Air

Air pollution seems to be a mix of solid particles and gases in the atmosphere. Pollutants from automobiles, plants, smoking, pollen, and mold spores may all be stored as particulate matter. Ozone is a molecule that contributes significantly to urban air pollution. Smog is the term used when ozone causes air pollution. Some of the contaminants in the air were poisonous.

5. Animal Cruelty

Despite several television commercials portraying ducks or whales trapped in six-ring plastics container holders throughout the years, they are nevertheless used or recycled in large quantities on a daily basis.

Whether it’s because a lot of poisons killed animals or the pollutants that resulted tainted them, plastic pollution still does a lot of damage to the world’s habitats.

6. It’s a poisonous plant

Plastic is made artificially and with the use of a number of harmful chemicals. As a result, its usage and exposure to plastics have been linked to a variety of health problems affecting individuals all over the globe. Making, processing, and disposing of plastics, as well as just being in close proximity to them, may be very damaging to living beings.

It’s Expensive (number 7)

Cleaning up the regions impacted after destruction costs billions of dollars per year, not to mention the quantity of life lost by plants, animals, and people. Having a location to bury trash is becoming a difficulty in numerous parts of the globe as land becomes more valuable.

Increased emissions result in fewer visitors visiting the afflicted regions, which has a substantial economic effect on all of those economies.

How Can Plastic Pollution Be Reduced and Avoided?

The fact is that the only way to solve this problem is for individuals and businesses all over the globe to agree to and implement pollution-reduction legislation. The finest plastic pollution solutions to control and avoid it are listed below –

1. Convenient to Shop

Plastic bags have become a daily convenience, but they may be efficiently replaced by plastic bags, some of which are aesthetically formed and lightweight.

Simply add up how many products you typically take out of a supermarket and divide by the number of times you shop there. It’s a substantial sum of money! Take a bag and, if you have any, only use plastic bags as far as you can.

2. Don’t Drink Bottled Water

Drinking enough of water is recommended every day, and large water bottles are becoming a popular method to remain hydrated throughout the day. Furthermore, some of them are only permitted for individual use, ensuring that any container that is finished will end up in the trash. Several companies are now selling recycled water bottles as a substitute, minimizing plastic pollution and the availability of leaky bottles.

3. Toss aside the take-out containers.

Plastic is utilized so often in the production and storage of food containers that you’d be surprised. Though the cafe’s drink cup is documented and usually coated with acrylic for cushioning (for either a cup of coffee or a piece of cardboard to view what’s going on),

Plastic food plates, lids, and cookware may all be readily changed with recycled materials, resulting in a considerable reduction in waste from just one meal.


Plastic pollution is, without a doubt, a serious environmental threat. It is also the government’s obligation to protect Mother Nature from being poisoned. According to a research conducted by the Central Environmental Control Board in 2014-15, India generated 51.4 million tons of organic waste, of which 91 percent was collected, 27 percent was treated, and 73 percent was disposed of in superfund sites.

Plastic waste management that isn’t done properly will have a huge environmental effect. To guarantee that the globe stays free of plastic trash, waste treatment utilizing renewable alternatives and proper waste management must be closely regulated. The preservation of the ecology against growing plastic pollution is the responsibility of every human being. To safeguard the environment, “reduce, reuse, or recycle” plastic pollution. I hope you like this plastic pollution essay.

The “outline about plastic pollution” is a short essay that discusses the environmental impact of plastic. It also talks about how humans are contributing to the problem and what can be done to fix it.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is plastic pollution essay?

A: Plastic pollution is the presence of plastic in the ocean, lakes and rivers.

What is plastic pollution Class 5?

A: This is a type of plastic that can take over 700 years to break down in the environment.

What is the history of plastic pollution?

A: Plastic pollution has been a concern since the 1970s, with the first documented case of plastic waste in Indonesia. The amount of trash floating around today is absolutely astonishing.

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