Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is one of the most important leaders in India’s history. His contributions are numerous and varied, but his legacy has been an integral part of modern day India as a whole.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 in Gujarat. He is known as the “Iron Man of India”. His achievements include establishing a unified country with more than 550 million people and his leadership in the struggle against British rule.

Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel for Students 1000+ Words

Read a 1000+ word essay about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel for kids and children in this post. Vallabhbhai Patel’s early life, education, career, key works, and death are all covered.

(1000+ Words) Essay about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel for Students and Children

Sardar Patel, or Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel, was a key figure in India’s liberation fight. He has been named India’s First Deputy Prime Minister. He practiced law and was a member of the Indian National Congress. 

He is regarded as the “founding father” of the “Republic of India,” in which he was instrumental in uniting the regions that had been liberated from British rule. He also participated in the Quit India Movement, which rattled the British and eventually led to India’s independence.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s Childhood and Education

Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Nadiad, Gujarat, on October 31, 1875. He attended Nadiad, Petlad, and Borsad schools. At the age of 22, he finished his matriculation. He seemed to be an uninterested adolescent bound for a mundane profession. 

Despite this, he intended to pursue a law degree. He aspired to become a successful lawyer. During his preparation for the Law test, he went through a difficult period. To complete his education, he had to be away from his family for a lengthy time. 

He had to borrow books from other attorneys as well. Within two years, he had passed the test. He had been saving money for a long time. He has gained a reputation as one of the most tenacious and talented attorneys since becoming an advocate. 

He also looked after others who were afflicted by the disease. When he was diagnosed with the sickness, he moved his family away from him and progressively healed.

Jhaverben Patel was his wife. In Godhra, he began his profession. He became the first chairman and creator of Borsad’s “Edward Memorial High School,” presently known as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School. 

His wife was dying of cancer and had little chance of surviving. He learned the news while cross-examining a witness in court, but he remained focused and won the case. He came to England at the age of 36 to finish his law studies.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s Career and Major Works

In 1917, he battled for and won the position of Ahmedabad sanitation commissioner. On a number of occasions, he had disagreements with the British on municipal matters.

He, on the other hand, has never shown an interest in entering politics. Nevertheless, after numerous encounters with Mahatma Gandhi, he became fascinated and joined India’s liberation war.

1. Struggle for Self-Government

Vallabhbhai Patel was appointed Secretary of the Gujarat Sabha, the Gujarati branch of the Indian National Congress. In the aftermath of pestilence and hunger in Kheda, he also coordinated relief operations.

Patel offered to urge Gujarati activists to commit themselves to the cause when Gandhi encouraged them to do so. He gave a speech in which he urged the whole country to sign Gandhi’s “Swaraj” (self-rule) petition.

2. Gujarat’s Satyagraha

Patel began his village-to-village campaign, backed by the Indian National Congress, to garner support for a statewide insurrection by refusing to pay taxes. He organized a volunteer network to help in the communities.

This uprising sparked a massive wave of protests, and many people were imprisoned. Vallabhbhai Patel, on the other hand, talked with the government and had them released. As a consequence, he gained notoriety as a hero. In 1920, he was chosen president of the Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee, which had just been founded.

He was a strong supporter of Gandhi’s nonviolence program. He refused to buy any British items and instead wore cotton clothing made locally. He also campaigned against alcoholism, untouchability, and caste prejudice, as well as for women’s empowerment. 

Patel was elected municipal president of Ahmedabad in 1922. He took use of the chance to help the people. He focused on developing infrastructure, providing power, and reforming the educational system. 

The state was hit hard by severe rains in 1927, which resulted in flooding. He organized flood relief centers to deal with the issue and provide a hand.

When Gandhi was imprisoned in 1923, Congress members pushed Vallabhbhai Patel to conduct the Satyagraha in Nagpur against a legislation prohibiting the hoisting of the Indian flag. Patel worked with the government to get all of the detainees released and the restriction on displaying the national flag lifted. 

He may be able to unify the peasants against paying taxes later that year. The government was forced to remove the tax as a result of their wave of demonstrations. This demonstrated Sardar Patel’s capacity to bind a large group of people together.

Patel was arrested and placed on trial without a witness when the Dandi Salt March was in full force. Following Gandhi’s detention, the campaign grew in strength until both of them were liberated. 

Following his release, he was chosen President of the Karachi session of Congress, which signed the treaty and pledged to defend basic rights and civil freedoms. He also expressed his displeasure with untouchability. 

Following the failure of the Round Table Conference in London, both Gandhi and Patel were arrested and imprisoned in the same cell. They formed a deep bond while they were there. Even after certain disagreements, their mutual respect developed day by day.

In 1936, it was discovered that Subhas Chandra Bose, the then-president of the Congress, was more in favor of violent protests, which ran counter to Gandhi’s policies. Bose resigned as a consequence of his protests, which he spearheaded with other top executives.

Even after his older brother died, he discovered that all of his belongings had been left to Bose. He brought up some legal concerns about the witness and signing. Vallabhbhai Patel won the court fight, and he transferred all of the assets to the Vithalbhai Memorial Trust.

3. Quit India Campaign

He backed the decision to resign from the central and interim legislatures at the outbreak of World War II. In the aftermath of the conflict, he also advocates for Indian independence. 

However, when the British rejected the plan, he sparked the fire in the minds of nationalists with his speech, which led to the formation of the Quit India Movement. By his leadership, he constantly pushed and offered an additional inch to the cause, and by his words, he inspired the whole country.

4. Contribution to India’s integration

His merciless attempt to establish an undivided India after independence would live on in Indian history. Following the end of British authority, all of the provinces want to create their own nation with their own administrative structure. 

Vallabhbhai Patel, on the other hand, realized that with so many little nations, they would be vulnerable to outside assault. No one could have grasped the significance of an unified India as he could.

The Congress won a majority after independence, but the Muslim League desired a separate homeland for Muslims. The suggestion was met with opposition. As a result, Vallabhbhai Patel understood that partition of India was the only way to reduce religious fury. 

Following the partition, both the Congress and the Muslim League tried to bring the provinces under their control. Vallabhbhai Patel was instrumental in this case. He traveled from province to province, discussing the advantages and disadvantages of joining the Congress. 

He persuaded the provinces to sign the Instrument of Accession, which commits the state to India’s integration. It was a massive undertaking that he undertook on his own. On the other side, the Muslim League, commanded by Mr. Jinnah, launched an offensive on Kashmir in an attempt to compel the region to join Pakistan. 

For signing the Instrument of Accession, the then Hindu ruler sought military assistance. He is known as the “Iron Man of India” for his efforts. In recognition of his work, the “Statue of Unity,” the world’s highest statue, was erected.


In 1950, his health began to deteriorate. His cough had blood in it. His condition deteriorated much further. He was confined to bed and regularly lost consciousness. He took a flight to Bombay for further therapy. 

To welcome him, a large throng gathered at Santacruz Airport. He landed at Juhu Aerodrome to avoid more tension, where he was met by the then Chief Minister. He died on December 15, 1950, at Birla House in Bombay, after suffering his second severe heart attack.

“Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a key figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Home Minister of India. He is credited with uniting many diverse regions, religions, languages and cultures into one nation.” Reference: sardar vallabhbhai patel essay in english 150 words.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I write Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel essay?

A: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a statesman, orator, political theorist and the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was also known for his roles as Home Minister and Chief Minister of Bombay Presidency in British India.

Who is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in short?

A: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an Indian leader and statesman who served 3 terms as the first Minister of India. He is known for his contributions to public administration, political economy, national integration and economic development in India during 20th century until his death in 1950.

Why Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is famous?

A: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is famous because he was one of the founding members of India and served as its first Deputy Prime Minister, Home Minister, and later also became the countrys first Finance Minister. He has been credited with establishing institutional reforms that led to economic development in his nation from independence until 1947.

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