The Indian revolution of Independence is considered a turning point in the history of India. It has been called the “first war of independence from British colonialism,” and it served as an inspiration for revolutionaries around the world during subsequent revolutions, including those that led to Irish independence, South African liberation, Haitian Revolution and Egyptian Revolution.

The “bhagat singh essay 200 words” is an essay on Shaheed Bhagat Singh. It will be a short essay, in which you will write about his life and what he did for the country.

Essay on Shaheed Bhagat Singh for Students in 1000 Words

Read a 1000-word essay about Shaheed Bhagat Singh for kids and children in this post. It covers Bhagat Singh’s early life, deeds as a freedom fighter, the tale, and his death.

Students’ Essay on Bhagat Singh (1000+ Words)

Bhagat Singh was a well-known Indian rebel who was killed by the British government when he was 23 years old. 

Due to two spectacular acts of violence against the British in India, he became a folk hero for the Indian Independence Movement.

Bhagat Singh’s Childhood

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907 in the Punjab Province of British India to a Sikh family. His family was politically involved and participated in the Indian independence struggle. 

Bhagat Singh’s grandfather Arjun Singh was a follower of Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s Hindu reformist movement, greatly influencing Bhagat Singh. His father & uncles were members of the Ghadar Party.

His grandpa did not approve of the official’s commitment to the British Government, thus he went to Dayanand Anglo Vedic high school instead of Khalsa high school. 

Visiting the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre site when he was 12 years old altered his life. Thousands of people who had assembled for a public assembly were slaughtered by the British government for no apparent cause.

Singh became disillusioned with Gandhi’s teachings when he advocated for a non-cooperation campaign since it had become violent. Singh then joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and started advocating for the overthrow of the British government via violence.

In 1923, at the age of sixteen, he enrolled in the National College in Lahore and joined the theatrical society. In 1926, he founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, inspired by Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Italy movement. 

When he joined the Hindustan Republican Association, he met Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan.

As a Freedom Fighter, I have participated in a variety of activities.

The Simon Commission was established by the British government to investigate the political situation in the Indian subcontinent. Nonetheless, since it had no Indian members, it was boycotted by various Indian political parties. 

On October 20, 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai organized a demonstration in Lahore against the commission, and the police, under the orders of James A Scott, used lathi charges to disperse the throng.

Lala Lajpat Rai was beaten and wounded, and on November 17, 1928, he died of a heart attack. Singh resolved to revenge Rai’s killing and plotted to assassinate Scott with the help of revolutionaries such as Shivram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar, and Chandrashekhar Azad.

They did, however, assassinate John P Saunders, leaving the District Police Headquarters in case of a mix-up. The murder was denounced by Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.

The Police blocked all the exits to and from the city; the CID kept a close watch on young men leaving Lahore. Bhagat Singh & Rajguru, with the help of Durgawati Devi, wife of another HRA member Bhagwati Charan Vohra. 

Singh cut his hair & shaved his beard and wore a hat, and dressed in western attire. Bhagat Singh with Durgawati & her child posed as a young couple, and Rajguru carried their luggage and posed as their servant. They boarded a train to Lucknow and escaped Lahore.

The Real Story of the 1929 Assembly Incident

Auguste Valliant, a French anarchist who attacked the Chamber of Deputies in Paris, prompted him to suggest a theatrical act to HRSA. 

He was dead set on detonating a bomb at the National Legislative Assembly. Singh’s involvement was first rejected by the HRSA leadership, but they later concluded he was the best choice.

On April 8 1929, two bombs were thrown in the Assembly Chamber from the public gallery by Bhagat Singh & Batukeshwar Dutt. The bombs were designed not to kill, but some of the members were injured. 

Even though the bomb filled the assembly with smoke, Bhagat Singh & Batukeshwar Dutt could easily have escaped; they stayed, threw leaflets, and shouted “Inquilab Zindabad”. They both were arrested and moved through various jails in Delhi.

The trial of the assembly case

Gandhi criticized the act once again, but Singh was said to be overjoyed and referred to the judicial procedures as “theater.” The trial started in the first week of June, and the men were sentenced to life in prison on June 12 for triggering an explosion and endangering life.

During the Trial, Singh defended himself and Dutt was defended by Asaf Ali. There was a discrepancy in the testimony offered during the Trial. The HSRA had set up bomb factories in Lahore & Saharanpur. 

The bomb factory in Lahore was uncovered by the police, and numerous members of the HSRA, including Sukhdev, Kishori Lal, and Jai Gopal, were arrested.

Some of the conspirators became informants, resulting in the discovery of fresh information. Police were able to link the three strands of Saunders’ murder, Assembly Bombing, and bomb manufacturing with the use of this information. 

The murder of Saunders was charged against Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, and 21 other members.

The Lahore Conspiracy Case and the Hunger Strike:

On the basis of information and statements provided by Hans Raj Vohra and Jai Gopal, Singh was accused with the murders of Saunders and Charan Singh. 

His life sentence was postponed pending the outcome of the Saunders case. He was transferred from the Delhi jail to the Central Jail Mainwali, where he saw prejudice between European and Indian inmates.

Singh saw himself as a political prisoner. At comparison to Mianwali, he had a better food in the Delhi jail. 

He went on a hunger strike, while the other Indian inmates identified themselves as political detainees and were treated as ordinary detainees. They requested that food, toiletries, clothes, and other hygiene essentials be treated equally.

The government attempted to test the convicts’ commitment by providing several types of food in their cells. They also filled the pitchers with milk to keep the other inmates thirsty and break their hunger strike. 

No one seemed to be able to break the deadlock. Officials even attempted to force-feed, but to no avail.

The strike began to gather Popularity and attention among people all around the country. The government chose to pursue the Saunders case, which became known as the Conspiracy Case. 

On July 10, 1929, the trial started, and Singh was sent to the Borstal Jail in Lahore. Singh was still on a hunger strike and was to be transported to court on a stretcher, shackled.

After 63 days on hunger strike, Jatindra Nath Das, one of the convicts on hunger strike, deteriorated and died. Almost all of the country’s top leaders paid respect to Das’s demise.

Nehru successfully presented an adjournment motion in the Central Assembly to condemn the “inhumane treatment” of the Lahore captives. At his father’s request, Bhagat Singh followed the Congress party’s resolve and stopped his 116-day hunger strike.

Tribunal d’exception

To speed up the Trial, the Viceroy Lord Irwin declared an emergency and set up a Tribunal d’exception composed of three high court judges for the case. 

Based on the evidence, the tribunal found Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev guilty and condemned them to death by hanging.

The defense committee intended to take the case to the Privy Council, saying that the tribunal established was unconstitutional. The appeal was turned down.


On March 24, 1931, Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were condemned to death and hung. 

The three were hung on March 23, 1931, in the presence of an honorary judge, who signed the three death sentences when the original warrants expired.

The execution was extensively publicized in the media, particularly since it occurred on the night of the Congress party’s annual conference in Karachi. 

The enraged youngsters yelling “Down with Gandhi” staged a black flag protest in front of Gandhi. 

According to legend, Gandhi had the chance to halt Singh’s death but chose not to. Mourning strikes were called.


In India, Bhagat Singh is still remembered as a prominent figure. In 1968, a postage stamp was released in India to commemorate Singh’s 61st birthday. Nehru saw Singh’s appeal as a catalyst for a new national awakening.


On March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh was found guilty of murdering a British officer and was hung.

I hope that this educational article about Shaheed Bhagat Singh has given you a better understanding of his life as a freedom fighter and his passion for our nation.

Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary figure in India who is considered the “Shaheed Bhagat Singh” of his time. In this essay, I will discuss how he became a revolutionary and why he is considered to be one of the most influential figures in Indian history. Reference: bhagat singh essay in english 300 words.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who was Bhagat Singh in simple words?

A: Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary who fought for the right of Indians to self-rule. He was hanged in 1931 after being convicted of sedition by the British government and spent his last days fighting against them.

Who is Bhagat Singh essay?

A: Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary leader in India who led the Indian freedom struggle and is famously known for his defense of free speech. He did not believe that violence should be used to attain political aims, but rather advocated legal struggles through peaceful means.

Who was Bhagat Singh Class 7?

A: Bhagat Singh was a revolutionary freedom fighter who led Indias independence movement. He is considered one of the most influential leaders in modern history and his death became an important event that sparked rebellion against British rule in India.

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