Soil contamination is a serious problem that leads to health problems, pollution of ground and water resources, reduced crop yields and less productivity. So what can be done?

Soil pollution is a big problem and it affects the environment. It can cause damage to the ecosystem and have health effects on humans. There are many articles for students about soil pollution, which can be found using the search term “soil pollution articles for students”.

Essay on Soil Pollution for Students and Children 1200+ Words

You will read a 1200 word essay about soil contamination for students and children that includes facts, causes, effects, and control techniques.

So, let’s get started with the Soil Pollution Essay.

a brief introduction (Essay on Soil Pollution)

So, what exactly is soil pollution?

Soil pollution is the contamination of soil as a result of human and natural activity, which may have a negative impact on flora and fauna. It’s made up of 45 percent organic matter, 5% soil water, and 5% soil air. It may come from a variety of sources, including industrial, urban, agricultural, biological, and radioactive compounds or pollutants. 

Soil Pollution Facts in Bullet Points

The robbery of all minerals and nutrients, leaving the soil exploited, abused, and virtually worthless, is an ever-running notion for a successful and handful yield from the soil.

  1. The soil, which can hold 9,200 tonnes of water in an acre and accounts for about.01 percent of the total water on the planet, is a great and sometimes neglected idea that prevents floods and directs water to its proper locations.
  2. There are more microorganisms in the living system than people, and its top layer may be changed every 500 hundred years. It functions as a great filter, increasing groundwater and preventing pollution, as well as nutrients accessible for plant development.
  3. It absorbs 10% carbon dioxide, which is made up of minerals, water, air, and organic matter, like a sponge. O, A, E, B, C, and R are the six strata. The top layer is referred to as O, while the bottom layer is referred to as R. The organic material produced by worms and converted into nutrients by plants serves as both a bottom and a top for life on the planet.
  4. The Americas, with a population of 5% of the world’s population, create 30% of the world’s trash, roughly 22 barrels of hazardous waste, resulting in those living nearby contracting leukemia.
  5. The Greenpoint oil spill was one of the worst in US history, spilling millions of gallons of oil and causing one of the worst land pollution catastrophes in history; the Murphy refinery breach flooded 1,700 residences, while the Breed Hoe Bay spill flooded 1,900 acres of land in 5 days.
  6. An average American creates roughly 2 kg of garbage every day, and 40% of the lakes were unsuitable for any activity that would have a significant impact on the land nearby.
  7. China is also effected primarily by Soil Pollution, with 82.8 percent of soil contaminated with copper, lead, mercury, and arsenic, making the country one of the most polluted countries in the world. The reason for this is rapid population growth, with Soil Pollution affecting approximately 1,00,000 km2. Nearly 2 million kilometres of solid trash were eliminated, and 19 million tonnes of grain were poisoned, costing billions of dollars. Guangzhou rice harvests were discovered to be tainted with cadmium, which causes renal failure and cancer. This is a huge shock because China produces 12 million tonnes of grain each year that is contaminated by heavy metals, and certain plants in Beijing are closed due to pollution.

Soil Pollution Causes

The principal sources of soil contamination are listed below —

  1. There are many causes of soil pollution, but they may be divided into two categories: human-made and natural. Human-made causes might be industrial or unintentional. Adding salt to the wound of soil contamination is the result of human activities and natural processes.
  2. Spills and leaks that occur during shipping and storage. Foundry processes, such as furnaces, are released into the environment. Crushing and processing of raw materials in heavy metals, as well as the emission of harmful compounds, are all part of mining.
  3. Construction activities, agricultural activities like the use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers, transportation activities resulting in toxic vehicle emissions, dumping chemicals illegally, landfills with waste leaking into groundwater and pieces of lead-point falling are the Soil Pollution Causes.
  4. Leaking sewers, dumping plastic into the soil, garbage disposal such as household trash, agricultural, industrial, construction, and acid rains are all causes of soil pollution, and they all play a significant role.

Soil Pollution’s Consequences

Here are some harmful Soil Pollution’s Consequences-

  1. Contaminants have a considerable influence on soil fertility, as well as holiness and bacteria in it. Plants are harmed as a result of the lack of soil fertility. The Life Chain will be threatened by animals ingested by the afflicted plants.
  2. Soil pollution has a negative impact on human and plant health, resulting in the development of malignancies, leukemia, and liver cancer, as well as skin ailments and muscle problems. 
  3. When animals eat plants that have been contaminated, they will get unwell for a long time and die suddenly or prematurely. Plants get harmed as a consequence of soil pollution, posing a huge hazard to animals and people. This would result in the migration of animals and creatures reliant on their prey in search of new territory, culminating in extinction.
  4. Soil pollution has an impact on air and water: polluted soil may release volatile molecules that are poisonous and dangerous, posing a serious hazard to human life. Toxic substances may damage soil and infiltrate water bodies, having a significant impact on water.
  5. Pollution of the Soil Acid rain decreases soil chemistry and nutrients, kills microorganisms, and increases soil salinity.

Soil Pollution Control Measures

Soil pollution may be divided into three categories: agricultural pollution, industrial waste pollution, and urbanization pollution, with preventative solutions available.

1. Encourage the use of bio-fertilizers

To increase agricultural productivity, farmers must utilize chemical fertilizers; without a doubt, this gives more, but at the expense of holiness. The usage of Biofertilizers will result in the production or maintenance of microorganisms that will aid in increasing the soil’s fertility.

 2. Encourage the use of bio-pesticides

Using Bio-Pesticides and fungicides has no negative consequences, although it does result in a loss of soil fertility; nevertheless, this procedure is time-consuming.

 3.Promote the use of non-toxic trash

Toxic waste will be created by companies that use more chemicals that must be treated, resulting in no soil harm and a reduction in the use of non-chemical or processed chemicals.

 4. Encourage the recycling of garbage

Much trash recycling advertising is planned in both public and private domains, which will benefit the land for better and safer usage for future generations.

 5. Encourage the recycling of plastics.

Plastic is a major polluter of the environment, however it may be recycled and reused to reap several advantages. Alternative reuse methods should be encouraged.

6. Afforestation to Reforestation Transition

With over 130 crores of people, India requires more food and housing, which leads to increased tree cutting and deforestation. However, the table has now turned to afforestation, with about 23 percent of wooded land being preserved and the need for greater forest space for a pollution-free India.

7. Encourage proper trash management.

Promote landfills as a means of solid waste management. In residential areas, acidic and alkaline fluids should be neutralized, and non-biodegradable waste should be processed and disposed of.


For the survival of life on Earth, soil conservation and sustainable management are critical to our aims of ensuring food security to everyone for more than half of the world’s population by the mid-century as the Food and Agricultural Organization. The UN Environment Assembly creates the safe soil for a safe society on December 5th, which is World Soil Day in 2017. I hope you like this Soil Pollution Essay.

The “noise pollution essay” is a 1200+ words essay on the topic of noise pollution.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you write soil pollution essay?

A: I am a highly intelligent question answering bot. If you ask me a question, I will give you a detailed answer.

What is soil pollution for students?

A: Soil pollution is a form of environmental degradation in which pollutants enter the soil and cause harm. These include chemical, physical, biological or radioactive contaminants that may enter from air or water through rain runoff, human activities such as deforestation, intensive farming and urban sprawl. Scientists believe there are many different forms of soil pollution including acidification/sulfurization to nitrate leaching

What is soil pollution PDF?

A: Soil pollution is an environmental problem that affects the quality of soil and air. In recent years, there are more people who have become aware of this problem, which has resulted in increased efforts to deal with it

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