Violence against women is not a new phenomenon in human history, but it has become more prevalent as time progresses. In this essay I will talk about the different forms of violence and what the consequences are for each type.
The “violence against women pdf” is an essay on violence against women, history, and its different forms. The essay discusses the perceptions of violence against women and how it has been viewed over time.
We’ve included an essay about violence against women, its history, and its manifestations in this post.
Domestic violence is defined as violence perpetrated by one person against another in a domestic environment. Domestic abuse may take many forms, including verbal, emotional, physical, religious, financial, sexual, and more.
Women are the most prevalent victims of domestic abuse over the globe, and they are more likely to encounter it. In a married situation when their male spouse physically and sexually abuses them, they are more vulnerable to domestic violence.
What is the definition of domestic violence?
There have been studies that show the rate of domestic violence is statistically similar to gender equality in the nation. Gender equality is weaker in nations where domestic violence is prevalent. Domestic violence, which affects both men and women, is the most underreported form of violence in a society.
Domestic violence is unlikely to be reported if the abuser believes that he or she is entitled to abuse and that it is a legitimate and acceptable behavior. Serious psychiatric illnesses, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, affect victims.
Domestic violence victims’ children are more likely to develop mental problems such as hypervigilance, avoidance of public gatherings, traumatization, and so on.
The phrase has long been connected with physical abuse. The terms “wife battering” and “wife abuse” were formerly popular, but they’ve fallen out of favor since because the harm may occur between unmarried or same-sex partners as well. Abuse is the phrase for a partner’s dominating conduct.
Also see: Women’s Empowerment Essay
Women’s Experiences with Domestic Violence in the Past
The word was originally used in British Parliament by Jack Ashley in 1973; before to that, it was often referred to as civil disturbance. From the mid-nineteenth century, the majority of the judicial system in the United States considered wife-beating as a legitimate right of the husband.
However, the Body of Liberation of the Massachusetts Bay colonists in 1641 included an exemption, declaring that married women should be free from bodice modification.
Domestic abuse was only addressed in most legal systems throughout the globe after 1900, and there was very little protection in law or practice against domestic violence. There has recently been a push to end the legal impunity for domestic abuse based on the fact that such actions are carried out in secret.
The Istanbul Convention was Europe’s first legally enforceable agreement dealing with domestic abuse against women. The purpose of this convention was to put a stop to the legal and practical acceptability of domestic abuse.
Aspects of religion and domestic violence
The influence of religion on domestic violence is a point of contention. “Socially sanctioned violence against women has lasted since ancient times,” according to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which have long favored male-dominated households.
Divorce is condemned by the Catholic Church, and victims of violent relationships are tortured. Different people have different perspectives on the role of religion in domestic abuse. Some writers, such as Phyllis Chesler, have suggested that Islam is linked to violence against women, notably in the form of honor murders, while others, like Tahira Shahid Khan, a women’s problems expert at Aga Khan University in Pakistan, have stated that Islam is linked to honor killings.
Religion is not a supremacy of males and women’s lower standing in society. The link between Islam, immigration, and violence against women has been problematic in many Western nations, and Republicans (via the media) and political discourses address it.
Also see: International Women’s Day (Women’s Day)
Domestic Violence in Its Many Forms
Domestic violence has several forms, each having its own frequency, aim, and intensity, as well as its own significant output. Physical attack or aggressiveness, sexual abuse, stalking, financial deprivation, and intimidation are all examples of domestic violence.
1. Harmful physical contact
Bodily abuse is defined as any kind of maltreatment that results in physical suffering, pain, or injury. The connection is often complicated in this kind of abuse. Physical abuse is the result of a combination of various sorts of harm, such as threats, intimidation, victim restriction, manipulation, sleep deprivation, refusing medical treatment, forcing alcohol or drugs, and more restrictions on personal freedom.
Strangulation is the most common manner in which attention is sought in domestic violence. It has recently been regarded as the deadliest kind of domestic abuse. Nonetheless, since there is no outward harm and there is a lack of societal awareness and medical knowledge, strangulation is often a concealed issue.
The acid assault is the most extreme kind of physical abuse, in which acid is thrown at the victim’s face, causing severe damage that may include permanent scarring or long-term blindness.
They are the most typical form of retaliation against women who refuse the abuser’s marriage proposal or sexual advances.
Also see: Women’s Empowerment Speech
2. Sexual Assault
According to the World Health Organization, sexual abuse includes any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwelcome sexual approach, or statement. In many societies, a rape victim is seen to have brought shame or dishonor to the family’s name, and the victim is subjected to violence such as honor murders, particularly if she falls pregnant.
One of the most heinous forms of domestic abuse is sexual interaction between a youngster and an adult. This kind of violence is ritualized in certain societies, when child sexual assault occurs with the family’s full knowledge. Food or money is bartered in exchange for the child’s mistreatment.
Marital rape is a kind of sexual abuse in which the spouse is subjected to non-consensual penetration. Feminists have been working to make marital rape illegal since 1960. According to a United Nations estimate, over 104 nations have labeled it a criminal offense.
3. Emotional Abuse
Public humiliation, continual personal devaluation, recurrent stonewalling, gaslighting, and other forms of emotional abuse are all examples of psychological abuse. Stalking is the most prevalent type of emotional abuse. The victims believe that their abuser has virtually complete control over them, which alters the power balance in the relationship and elevates the perpetrator.
4. Economic Warfare
Financial abuse, sometimes known as economic abuse, is a kind of violence in which the perpetrator has power over the victim’s financial assets. As the victim’s ability to sustain oneself declines, they become more reliant on the offender.
The perpetrator may place the victim on an allowance while keeping a careful eye on his or her spending habits, prohibiting the victim from spending money without the perpetrator’s permission. Wives who rely on their husbands’ income are exposed to severe economic abuse in many areas of the globe, with serious repercussions.
Domestic Violence’s Effects on Women
1. Effects on the mind
As is often documented, those victims are still living with their abusers and are experiencing significant levels of stress, worry, and anxiety. Depression is particularly widespread among victims who feel responsible for the ‘harassment’ and are often chastised.
At the end of the relationship, 60 percent of victims fulfill medical criteria for depression, according to reports. They are known to have a significantly increased risk of suicide. People who are depressed are frequently psychologically or physically wounded as a result of feeling worthless.
Because of suicide and other traumatic symptoms, many individuals are encouraged to seek therapy for these emotions, which are typically persistent.
2. Children’s Effects
In the United States, 3.3 million children are exposed to domestic abuse each year. Increased acceptance puts a kid who has experienced domestic violence at danger of developmental and psychological harm.
Children who were victims of domestic violence and other types of abuse were at risk for mental and physical health issues, according to the Advanced Childhood Experience Study (ACE), which was conducted in the mid-1990s.
Aggression, anxiety, and aggravation, in which a kid interacts with friends, family, and authorities, are some of the emotional and behavioral difficulties induced by domestic abuse. Traumatic events may be triggered by depression, mental insecurity, and mental health issues.
Problems with attitude and knowledge, as well as a lack of problem-solving abilities, begin to emerge in schools. In childhood and adolescence, a link was discovered between abuse and neglect: domestic violence and sexual abuse.
3. The physical impact
Arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pain, pelvic discomfort, ulcers, and migraines are some of the chronic health issues linked to domestic abuse victims. Pregnant women who are victims of domestic abuse have a greater risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and fetal loss or death.
According to new study, there is a strong correlation between all forms of domestic violence and abuse and a variety of chronic diseases. The Advance Childhood Experience Study provides convincing data, showing a link between childhood maltreatment and adulthood chronic illnesses, high-risk health behaviors, and lower life spans. Since the 1990s, there has been mounting evidence of a relationship between physical health and violence against women.
Violence Against Women Statistics
1. In the United States, between 90000 and 3000000 domestic violence occurrences are registered each year, while many more go unreported. Domestic abuse affects around ten million individuals in the United States each year.
2. According to a UN study of 71 nations, Ethiopia has the highest rate of domestic violence against women.
3. Domestic abuse affects around 325000 pregnant women. During the pregnancy, 30% of women claim mental abuse, 15% report physical abuse, and 8% report sexual abuse.
4. In 2007, there were roughly 2340 fatalities in America owing to intimate partners, with women accounting for 70% of the victims. According to FBI statistics from 1970 to 1980, 75 women murdered their husbands for every 100 husbands who killed their spouses.
5. According to an Australian study of domestic abuse statistics, 1 in 3 or 4 women and 1 in 5 or 6 males had experienced at least one incidence of violence from a current or past intimate partner.
How can violence against women be avoided?
Domestic violence may be prevented or reduced through a variety of tactics. It is critical to evaluate the policy’s utility before it is adopted.
Reforming the law to include domestic violence is critical. It has the power to overturn discriminatory legislation against women: “When the law enables husbands to be physically punished, the intimate partner has little influence on creating a program to avoid violence,” according to the WHO. “[They] may freely marry or leave it, acquire a financial loan, and own property,” according to large-scale rules. Dowry.
It is also necessary to assess the impact of these transactions on legal choices pertaining to domestic abuse, as well as whether the bride price should be prohibited or accepted. According to the UN lady, the legislation should guarantee that the bride price is not used to defend domestic abuse claims that victims of domestic violence, including marital rape, are unable to utilize.
Women are abused by intimate partners as a result of gender norms that encourage women’s degradation. “Dissolving the hierarchical structures of masculinity and femininity on women’s control, as well as reducing structural conditions that favor intimacy, is expected to make a substantial contribution to the prevention of intimate partner and sexual assault,” according to the WHO.
Youngsters reared in violent households feel that such conduct is normal, hence it is critical for these children to be present when they oppose such an attitude.
Pexels Featured Image – Photo by Engin Akyurt
The “violence against women and girls” is a problem that has been present for a while. It is the form of violence that people are most familiar with, but it is not the only type of violence. There are different types of violence against women and girls, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, rape, forced marriage, trafficking in persons.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the forms of violence on women?
What are the forms of violence?
A: Physical violence is any attack that causes physical pain or injury such as punching, kicking, and slapping.
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