Rowlatt Act was passed by the British government in 1909 and Indian National Congress opposed it. The law had led to a series of investigations, arrests, and trials which were seen as unfair with no due process.

The “rowlatt act class 10” is a law that was passed in India. The law was passed to stop the spread of terrorism, but it also had a negative effect on Indian citizens.

History of Rowlatt Act India in Short

We’ve covered the history of the Rowlatt Act, sometimes known as the Black Act, in this article. You may learn about its formation, provisions, opposition, purpose, impact, and how to stop it here.


Before India’s independence, the British dominated the country. Several laws and regulations were issued by the British government to keep the nation and its movement for independence under control. In March 1919, that government introduced the Rowlatt Act to put an end to the national insurrection against the British government.

The Rowlatt Act was enacted.

This law was enacted in March 1919 by the Rowlatt Act to end the national movement emerging in India by the British government ruling. The legislation was made based on the recommendation of a committee headed by “Sir Sydney Arthur Taylor Rowlatt”. As this law was passed, the whole country was stunned because the citizen came to know that this was enforced to end the influence of revolutionaries in India & crush the nation’s spirit.

The Rowlatt Act’s provisions

There was a section in this against revolutionaries that read as follows:

  • Those accused of committing a crime against the state may be placed on bail and prohibited from visiting to any certain location or doing extraordinary job.
  • The trial of the revolutionaries will take place in front of three justices from the High Court, who will decrypt them as quickly as possible. It is not necessary to appeal to lower courts.
  • Governments have been granted the authority to arrest and imprison anybody they suspect, and if the suspected individual is already in jail, he has the authority to keep them there.
  • It will be criminal to publish or distribute illicit content, or to possess it with the intent to do so.

In summary, the government obtained the authority to suspend the prisoner directly in court, i.e. the law of habeas corpus, in this fashion. Without appeal, without counsel, and without debate, the legislation was enacted. It is also known as the “Black Act” and the “Terrorist Crime Act.” As a result, the British government may use a right to punish any innocent individual.

Rowlatt Act opponents

Following the passage of this statute, known as the Black Law, all Indian leaders and citizens began to oppose it. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the country, was outspoken in his opposition to the act, calling the British administration “devilish creatures.” On April 6, 1919, he led a nationwide demonstration against the measure. In Delhi, Swami Shraddhanandji was in charge of the movement.

The bullet fired on the gathering included agitators. The gang was also fired at in Lahore and Punjab. The Rowlatt Act was denounced by Gandhi Ji, who organized a Satyagraha Sabha to resist it. The Rowlatt Act was vehemently opposed by Congress. Newspapers and Indian members of the council reacted vehemently.

What is the purpose of this law?

Following the conclusion of World War II, the British government decided to put up a plan to crush revolutionary activities and movements against British control, so that no Indian might raise his voice against British rule.

Based on this act, The British Government had obtained such rights that could have detained an Indian person without imprisonment in court. On the basis of this law, the right to know & name of the person who had committed crime was abolished.

The law’s impact

“The Act put an end to the system of appeals, pleadings, and pleases,” said Pandit Motilal Nehru. As a result, the Indians name it Kala Kanoon. At the time, the legislation had a negative impact on all Indians.

Thousands of workers were dismissed as a result of this uprising. Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre. On the 13th of April 1919, tens of thousands of people congregated in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, to protest the Rowlatt Act. B

With his men and armed vehicles, British Officer General Dyer closed the main entrance of the garden and sprayed shots at the unarmed throng for ten minutes without notice. This is regarded as the worst day in the history of British India. Thousands of individuals have been jailed and imprisoned as a result of their participation in this campaign.

Rowlatt Act repealed

The movement was fast growing, and the situation had deteriorated after the April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. The harsh measures imposed by this legislation aroused the movement even more. Following widespread protests in March 1922, the British government rescinded the statute, according to the Repressive Law Committee’s findings.

Final Thoughts

The Rowlatt Act was repealed, and the British government recognized the Indian people’s authority and national spirit. They did not consider bringing such a legislation into the nation again after that. The people of India gained the strength of unity and integrity as a result of this legislation, and they grew more united in their opposition to British authority in India.

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The “rowlatt act pdf” is a short history of the Rowlatt Act in India. The act was passed in order to increase pressure on the British and Indians to end the unrest.

Frequently Asked Questions

What was Rowlatt Act 10 history?

A: The Rowlatt Act was a British law passed by the Parliament of India in 1919 that gave sweeping powers to arrest and detain people suspected of being connected with any act which might threaten public order or interest. It also curbed civil liberties, including freedom of press and speech.

Who started Rowlatt Act?

A: The Rowlatt Act was a piece of legislation passed by British India to make it easier for police officials to arrest without warrant anyone who was deemed seditious or anti-government. It is named after the Indian politician Motilal Nehru, who introduced it into Parliament in February 1919.

Who was the history of India when the Rowlatt Act was passed?

A: The Rowlatt Act was an act passed by the British Parliament in 1919 to curb freedom of speech and assemblies, which led to major protests. Indias history when this law was passed is unclear but it probably occurred during World War I or shortly after independence.

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