This is a simple exercise to help students learn about participles.

The “combining sentences using participles exercises pdf” is a PDF document that contains examples, uses, rules and exercise for the use of participles. The document also has a worksheet to help students practice what they have learned.

Participles, Definition, Examples, Uses, Rules, Exercise or worksheet, pdf

Definition of participles, examples of participles Uses, Rules, Participles activity or worksheet for students in classes 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.

A Participle is a word that combines the characteristics of a verb and adjectives. As a result, it’s referred to as a verbal adjective.



  1. I saw a mother with a baby in her arms.
  2. My father yelled at me and asked me to leave the home.
  3. I applied for a job after finishing my degree.

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Participles come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

In English, there are three sorts of participles:

  1. Participant in the Present
  2. Participant in the Past
  3. Ideal Participant

Read on to learn more about each of the three categories.

Participant in the Present

A Participant in the Present is formed with ‘ing’ form of the verb to indicate an action going on, incomplete or imperfect.

Example of Participant in the Present

  1. We raced out of the restaurant when we heard the noise.
  2. He went to bed, thinking everything was OK.

‘V1 + ing’ in the preceding words signifies an ongoing or unfinished activity.

Participant in the Past:

A Participant in the Past ends with ‘ed’, ‘d’, t or ‘n’ and is used to indicate an action as completed.

Example of Participant in the Past

  1. He committed suicide as a result of his poverty.
  2. He was left in the lurch after being duped by his closest buddy.

In the above sentences ‘V3’ shows an action already completed before the second action took place. ‘V3’ is called Participant in the Past.

Ideal Participant:

A Ideal Participant is formed with ‘having’ +Verb to indicate an action as completed in the past.

Example of Ideal Participant

  1. They got down to business after that.
  2. They resumed their trek after resting.

The above sentences show an action being completed in past. ‘Having + V3’ (Ideal Participant) is used for such purpose.

Participles and their Functions

Where we must employ participles in accordance with a condition or phrase, we must use them correctly. Let’s get this party started.

Use 1 

The adjectives “participles” and “participle” are used interchangeably.

Personality that is pleasing to the eye, for example. Dedicated labor, intriguing film, well-known poet, captivating plot, developed country

Use 2

to have control over a word or pronoun


  1. I dropped the cup in my hand as I gazed at the lovely picture.
  2. I closed my eyes after putting the newspaper aside.
  3. She remained at home to care for her kid after quitting her work.

Use 3

As an adverbial adverbial adverbial ad


  1. Padma had a troubled expression on her face.
  2. Raju seems dissatisfied.
  3. We discovered him writing.

Use 4

With a noun or a pronoun, without a doubt.


  1. We went out since the weather was nice.
  2. They began the event once the chief visitor came.
  3. We invited him to participate in the conversation since he is a competent writer.

It’s worth noting that an absolute phrase may be transformed into a clause.


  1. We went out since the weather was nice.
  2. They began the event when the primary visitor came.
  3. We invited him to participate in the conversation since he was an accomplished writer.

Because the particle is a verbal adjective, it must be used with a noun pronoun. It must have a valid reference topic.


  1. We remained inside since it was raining. (Incorrect)
  2. We remained inside since it was raining. (Correct)
  3. A brick fell on me as I was waiting for a bus. (Incorrect)
  4. A brick fell on me as I was waiting for a bus. (Correct)

Note that similar constructs like the one above are sometimes conceivable.


  1. Taking everything into consideration, a 50% – concession is permissible.
  2. In terms of technology, the computer is a fantastic innovation.
  3. She is qualified for the position based on her credentials.

‘Taking everything into consideration’ and ‘technically speaking’ are used in the examples to signify ‘if we take everything into account’ and ‘if we talk technically.’

Use 5 

To create a continuous present and past tense


  1. I’m a teacher.
  2. We’re both reading.
  3. You must be patient.


  1. I was speaking with a doctor.
  2. We were working on our musical skills.
  3. The X-ray was being examined by the doctor.

Use 6 

To make the Present Perfect Tense and the Past Perfect Tense


  1. I’ve been in the United States for five years.
  2. Since 1990, we’ve been employed at the school.
  3. You’ve just completed writing the letter.


  1. Madhavi and I had met before she got married.
  2. When the game began, we had already arrived at the stadium.
  3. After obtaining his degree, he began teaching.

Use 7 

To create a passive voice


  1. Her marriage has been brought to my attention.
  2. We’re ordered to go to the drawing room and wait.
  3. He gets penalized for failing to complete his assignment.

Rules for Participants

Rule 1

The participle must be connected to a noun or pronoun since it is a verb-adjective. To put it another way, it must always have a correct reference point.


  1. I stayed in my home since it was so hot outside. (Incorrect)
  2. I stayed in my home since it was so hot outside.

(This is correct since the participle ‘being’ does not relate to any noun.)

  1. A scorpion stung him while he sat at the gate. (Incorrect)
  2. A scorpion stung him when he was seated at the gate.

(This is correct since the participle’sitting’ does not indicate who was at the gate.)

(At first glance, the statement seems to mirror the scorpion sitting at the entrance, which is ludicrous.)

Rule 2

A Participant in the Present should not be used to express an action which is not simultaneous with the action of the principal verb.


  1. On Sunday, he travelled to Washington, arriving on Monday evening (Incorrect)
  2. On Sunday, he travelled to Washington and arrived on Monday evening. (Correct)

Rule 3

Participant in the Past represents a completed action or state of the thing spoken of.


(a) They were disorganized due to the strong winds.

(b) He left the gathering after being insulted by his buddies.

Rule 4

Ideal Participant represents an action as complete at some time in past.


(a) They returned home after finishing their task.

(6) After signing the paperwork, he shook hands with the delegation members.

Rule 5

Due to, such participles as worrying, contemplating, taking, speaking, and touching cannot be used in conjunction with any noun or pronoun.


(a) Given his abilities, he should have performed better.

(b) There isn’t much that can be done about your troubles right now.

Rule 6

When utilizing the participle, there must be a strong subject.


(a) As I returned home, the moon had slipped behind the clouds.

(This is incorrect; we don’t know who was returning home.)

The moon vanished behind the clouds as he was heading home. (correct)


On his way home, he saw the moon had slipped below the clouds. (correct)

Worksheet or exercise for participants

1st Exercise

Combine the pairs of sentences by using Participant in the Presents:

1. She was engrossed in a book. I noticed her.
2. They were chess players. We discovered them.
3. In the garden, his children were having fun. They were spotted by us.
4. Padma was standing in line for a bus. I discovered her.
5. He was being detained by the police. We sat and watched it.
6. He was looking through my journal. I had him cornered.
7. She was removing cash from his pocket. It was noticed by her spouse.
8. Madhavi was conversing with a buddy. I am aware of her presence.
9. He was in charge of the film’s direction. We kept an eye on him.
10. The dog barked at the mailman. It was brought to our attention.
11. The youngster was climbing a tree. It was visible to us.
12. He was entering the motel. That was something I observed.
13. She was completing the application. I discovered it.
14. In the ground, they were playing cricket. This was something I noticed.
15. They were both giggling. They were conversing. They were drinking and eating at the same time. All of this was discovered by myself.

2nd Exercise

Fill in the blanks with Participant in the Presents:

  1. I observed her teaching schoolchildren English.
  2. In Delhi, I had a lot of problems because of the language.
  3. I was at a loss for what to do with my money and pals.
  4. We came upon a dead snake on the side of the road.
  5. Krishna was discovered by her sister.
  6. Madhu took the infant into her arms, which I noted.
  7. He saw an automobile in front of his home via the window.
  8. I called her for an interview because I believe she is qualified for the position.
  9. I threw the newspaper aside and turned to face the front entrance.
  10. I asked her to marry me after she told me she loved me.

3rd Exercise

The following phrases should be corrected:

  1. We began work on a beautiful day.
  2. I don’t have any job to do since it’s a holiday.
  3. After failing in the first try, he made no additional attempts.
  4. With no acquaintances in Delhi, it was impossible to navigate the city.
  5. A stone was hurled while waiting for a buddy at the bus stop.
  6. A lizard was climbing up the wall behind the window.
  7. A dead corpse was on the ground as I walked along the road.
  8. The cycling tire had popped on the way home from work.
  9. The light was weak as I entered the room.

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The “present and past participle exercises with answers” is a worksheet that includes questions about the present and past participle, as well as examples of when to use them.

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