This guide is a reference of the punctuation in English language. It has been prepared by The Punctuation Police, an organization that creates teaching materials for students and teachers on correct usage of grammar rules as per recommendations from the Oxford University Press.
The “Punctuation and capitalization exercises with answers” is a PDF document that has punctuation for class 8. It also has types, exercise, quiz and pdf.
Hello, students, today we will be learning English Grammar and Punctuation for Class 8. Punctuation Definition, Example, and Exercise and Types of Punctuation and We’ll Practice Punctuation with the Exercise/Worksheet for Class 8? For class 8, we have provided CBSE English Grammar punctuation.
What is the definition of punctuation in Class 8?
Punctuation may be defined as a set of symbols that are used to make text easier to read and comprehend. When we write a language, we utilize an arrangement of symbols.
Punctuation is used in phrases to increase knowledge, accuracy, and pressure.
- LETTER IN CAPITAL
- STOP RIGHT NOW
- MARK’S QUESTION
- MARK OF EXCLAMATION
- COMMAS INVERTED
1. LETTER IN CAPITAL
Every sentence commences with a LETTER IN CAPITAL and there is some situation when the letter should be capital.
LETTER IN CAPITALs are applied in the following conditions;
- the first word of each stanza’s line
- the beginning of a new sentence
- the first direct verbal word
- proper nouns’ names
- the pronoun ‘I’ is perpetually written in LETTER IN CAPITAL
- Months, days, religions, sects, books, historic buildings, newspapers, abbreviations, festivals, institutions, and historic events are all names of months, days, religions, sects, books, historic buildings, newspapers, abbreviations, festivals, institutions, and historic events are all names of months,
- Sakshi was born in the month of June.
- This happened to me in Africa.
- Aarti, one of my closest friends, is from Delhi.
- Mr. Sunil Sharma is our Republic Day Chief Guest.
- At the Mumbai Zoo, I saw a hippopotamus and a leopard.
2. STOP RIGHT NOW (.)
All sentence ends with a STOP RIGHT NOW, except when a MARK’S QUESTION or MARK OF EXCLAMATION is necessitated.
The STOP RIGHT NOW (.) is used in the following circumstances:
- when a declarative sentence comes to a conclusion
- to categorize the year and date
- On 3.07.2021, she enlisted in the army.
- I’ll be waiting for you on campus.
- Close the door and the window.
- Dr. Jha will be staying at this hotel.
- My date of birth is 11.01.2011.
COMMA is number three (,)
The comma is used to separate collections of phrases, words, or clauses. Before and/or, we cannot use a comma. The conjunction should be preceded by a comma.
In the following situations, the comma (,) is used:
- to denote a sentence split that expands and integrates information about the topic
- to express a set of events
- to denote a stop or break in a sentence
- in a statement containing two or more adjectives characterizing the topic
- to separate the sentence’s city and state
- to split straight phrases into two
- to categorize the weekday, month, and year
- to choose a unique phrase from the statement
- to distinguish between the dependent and independent clauses
- to approach in a straightforward manner
- The school’s head boy, Ankit, has been gone for the last four days.
- Richard is a dependable, educated, attractive, and diligent individual.
- It’s Wednesday, and I have a meeting with him on Friday.
- The rangoli competition is being competed in by Muskaan, Tanu, and Riya.
- Anna is an excellent tennis, basketball, and soccer player.
4. MARK’S QUESTION (?)
MARK’S QUESTION (?) is accepted in the following situations.
- sentence at the conclusion of the interrogation
- In the case of question tags and direct questions, to suggest an interrogatory comment or inquiry.
- complex questions do not complete with a MARK’S QUESTION
- Is she a student now? Why didn’t you inform me earlier?
- Are you insane?
- What? Is he not speaking to you? Why?
- Isn’t this dish just delicious?
- Would you want to read more books like this?
5. MARK OF EXCLAMATION (!)
The following scenarios call for the use of an MARK OF EXCLAMATION:
- in a phrase, can imply emotions such as enthusiasm, pleasure, astonishment, grief, and emphasis
- It’s used to convey powerful or surprising feelings.
- It’s used to stress a directive or a distinct point of view.
- Stop! Wait!
- Ah! A shooting star appeared in the sky just now.
- This dessert is delicious!
- Ouch! It’s causing me pain.
- Wow! This location is breathtaking.
6. COMMAS INVERTED (” “)
COMMAS INVERTED (” “) are practiced in the following conditions:
- to make a connection between nicknames and incorrect titles
- to direct attention on a term rather than its meaning
- a direct quotation should be included
- “Tom, what’s the matter?” He inquired.
- “Come to the hospital by 7 p.m.,” her father urged.
- Have you seen the movie “Invisible Man?”
- “Virat Kohli” is the captain of the Indian cricket team.
- “Blueberry shake” is Jenny’s favorite shake.
APOSTROPHE (‘) (‘) (‘) (‘) (‘) (‘) (‘
Apostrophes are used to indicate that certain letters in a word have been omitted. These words are referred to as contractions.
In the following situations, apostrophes are used:
- Possession is indicated with apostrophes.
- If the owner’s name already begins with an’s,’ you may omit the apostrophe.
- When you add an apostrophe to a word that ends in’s’ because it’s plural, you don’t need to add another’s’.
- When a plural does not finish in’s,’ it is more comfortable to shift behind to standard and add an apostrophe.
- When expressing ownership, several phrases do not need the use of an apostrophe.
- you – you – you – you – you – you – you –
- They have – they have – they have – they have – they have – they
- couldn’t – couldn’t – couldn’t – couldn’t – couldn
- He’ll do it – he’ll do it.
- I’d – I’d – I’d – I’d – I
There are numerous examples, including mustn’t, you’ve, it’s, weren’t, hasn’t, let’s, he’s, I’ve, I’m, aren’t, we’ve, hasn’t, and so on.
SEMI-COLON (number 8) (;)
The semicolon is effective than a comma but not as strong as a STOP RIGHT NOW, it divides two groups of words which could be two sentences, but which are strictly connected in the subject material that a STOP RIGHT NOW would be too stiff.
In the following scenario, a semicolon is used:
- to form a longer pause than a comma, though it shows a shorter pause than a STOP RIGHT NOW.
- to identify two independent phrases that are comparable
- to separate a long list of items, particularly ones with commas
- We opted to wait at the café since the train was running late.
- Let’s go to the study room; it’s the only location where I can concentrate on my studies.
- I can’t go shopping today since I have a math exam tomorrow.
- John is 25 years old, Alex is 20 years old, and Jonny is 30 years old.
- We went shopping and returned with new outfits.
9. THE COLON (:)
The space between a colon (:) and a semi-colon (:) is bigger. It’s used in the following scenarios:
- a sentence’s diverging elements should be separated
- start with a title or some quotes
- provide a list
- distinguish between hours and minutes
- introduce a relevant action’s consequence
- In writing, each chapter and verse should be written separately.
- ratios to display
- Food, music, and a vehicle are three things that make me happy.
- In a 2:1 ratio, pour in the milk and sugar.
- There’s just one way he’ll pass: he’ll have to put in a lot of effort.
- Our game begins at 5:30 p.m.
- Hanging Gardens, Juhu Beach, and the Gateway of India are among popular tourist attractions in Mumbai.
HYPHEN, NO. 10 (-)
A hyphen is a punctuation mark that connects two comparable words (or portions of words) that make greater sense together.
In the following situations, a hyphen is used:
- Using words, write cardinal and ordinal numbers.
- certain terms should have a prefix
- Using a hyphen, split two words with a number less than one hundred.
- Keep yourself up to date by subscribing to our newsletter.
- In this auditorium, there are fifty-two individuals.
- Rohit is a really attractive player.
- Do you have any experience with twentieth-century literature?
- In this city, he is a well-known doctor.
(—) DASH (—) DASH (—) DASH (—) D
In the following situation, a dash (—) is used as a punctuation mark:
- to show a pause
- to break apart extra information in a sentence
- This, we believed, was the end of our choice.
- Rajni has to go to the supermarket for three things: bread, fruit juice, and milk.
- I’m studying two languages at the moment: Spanish and Hindi.
- On Sunday, join—John Wick.
- My brother has huge cats, therefore I like little monkeys.
Class 8 Punctuation Worksheet
Please identify the punctuation mark used in this sentence.
- Oh yes!
- With best regards,
- MARK OF EXCLAMATION
- MARK’S QUESTION
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate punctuation:
- Aren’t these garments filthy?
- how dreadful
- Which of your books is your favorite?
- Vegetable soup is something I like.
- Rummy said, “Kajal is a smart fox.”
- Isn’t it true that these garments are filthy?
- how dreadful!
- Which of your books is your favorite??
- Vegetable soup is something I like..
- “Kajal is a cunning fox,” Rimmy observed.
Click on the link below to obtain a free pdf of punctuation for class 8 students. Download the PDF version here (278 downloads)
“Punctuation exercise grade 6” is a fun and interactive way to learn punctuation. It includes an exercise, quiz, and pdf. Reference: punctuation exercise grade 6.
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