Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a Bengali polymath and social reformer, who is considered one of the most influential figures in 19th-century India.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a Bengali polymath and social reformer who is regarded as the “Father of Modern India”. His contributions to Indian society include his promotion of women’s education, establishment of the Hindu College in Calcutta, founding of the Brahmo Sabha, and translation of the Bible into Bengali.

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Raja Ram Mohan Roy is the subject of a short essay. for students, for kids, for class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, for competitive exam, in english, with image.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on May 22, 1772, in Radhanagar village, Hooghly district, Bengal, to orthodox Bengali Brahmin parents. Ramakant Roy and Tarikh Mukharji, Ram Mohan’s parents, were devout Hindus. His father was a Lord Vishnu devotee. Ram Mohan has had a religious propensity since he was a child.

He intended to be a “Sanyasi” hermit when he was 14, but his mother convinced him otherwise. Another evidence of his devotion was his practice of not drinking water until he had read a chapter from the Bagavat Purana each morning. Ram Mohan was said to have a “tensions memory” and to have shown evidence of intelligence when he was a child.


He initially learned Bengali at school. He also traveled to Tibet to study Buddhism. The court language was Persian, which he learned. This enables him to comprehend the Persian Sufis’ spiritual poetry and philosophy. In addition, he studied Arabic. During this time, he came across Aristotle’s and Euclid’s translations, as well as the Kuran. He traveled to Banaras to study Sanskrit at his mother’s urging. He began studying English when he was 24 years old. He joined the East India Company in 1803, and was sent to Rangpur in 1809.

He read the Jain literature and learned about Jainism. Roy was attracted to some features of Christianity, prompting several Christians to advise that he convert, which Roy graciously declined. Roy’s knowledge of several global faiths enabled him to compare them to Vedantic philosophy and extract the finest aspects of each religion. Roy was greatly influenced by Sufi spirituality.

“Man is the slave of benefits,” he said, “the pleasure of the world rests on these two points-kindness to friends and politeness to opponents,” and “The means of loving God is to do good to man.” Road left the East India Company after a few years and arrived in Calcutta in 1815.

He was a humanist and religious reformer who quit his job to dedicate his time to serving the people. Ram Mohan was profoundly affected by European liberalism and came to the view that significant change in Hinduism and Hindu social customs was required.

In 1828, he established the Brahmo Samaj in Kolkata, which was formerly known as the “Brahmo Sabha.” Raja Ram Mohan and his organization, the Brahmo Samaj, attempted to alter India’s social system. In India, he created newspapers and institutions. In 1829, he persuaded the British to make Sati illegal. However, there was no Indian ethos among the Indians at the time. Indians were never an one country, but rather a jumble of disparate groups. They were ruled by a variety of people, including non-Indians.

The British were just another master over them in their eyes. The Brahmo Samaj’s greatest contribution to Indian society was that it raised concerns that were similar to people all throughout the Indian subcontinent. The organization’s ideas inspired other groups and secular political parties in India, including the Indian National Congress. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a well-known and important social reformer at the time, and he was quite frustrated by the Sati Pratha (this was an old Hindu tradition in which when the husband of any woman was died and his wife must be burnt with the dead body of her husband, in earlier days it was done by the will of wife but later on the family members of husband pressurised wife to burn with the dead body of her husband). Raja Ram Mohan Roy was determined to eradicate the bed custom from society, and he intended to educate the public about it. However, the old hardline hindus were harshly critical of him, and some of them attempted to assassinate him, but none of this could demoralize him.

In 1828, when Lord William Bentink was appointed Governor-General of India, Ram Mohan Roy met with him and informed him of the harmless and negative effects of “Sati Pratha,” pleading with him to outlaw it by law. In 1829, Governor-General William Bentink completely outlawed Sati Pratha, declaring that “if anyone pressurizes any woman to burn with the dead body of her husband, the government considers it as a mutilation.” As a result of the legislation, Sati Pratha is gradually being phased out of society. Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s biggest accomplishment is this. Among Roy’s other accomplishments was the publication of an Indian-language newspaper.

The ‘Bengal Gazette’ was published weekly by the Atmiya Sabha. He also published ‘Miratul-Akhbar,’ a Persian daily, and ‘Sambad Kaumudi,’ a Bengali monthly. The growth of Roy’s mother language was very important to him. Among his written works, his Bengali ‘Gudiya Vyakaran’ is well regarded. Roy’s foundation of the Brahmo Samaj was one of his most significant contributions to the society’s performance. The Samaj, which began as a tiny organization in 1828 and grew to become a prominent force in Bengal’s 19th-century Renaissance, attracted intellectuals such as Keshub Chandra Sen and Rabindranath Tagore, as well as other Tagore family members.

The Samaj word’s goal is to follow Hinduism’s theism, incorporating the finest of what Roy instilled via his exposure to various faiths. People still gather once a week, most commonly on Sunday, in Brahmo prayer rooms around the nation to worship the one God, or Brahma. Discourse was given, Vedic texts were read, and hymns were sung during these gatherings. “Testing inquiries, never resting, with an open mind and an open heart,” his followers aim to instill in today’s followers. Roy cared deeply for the poor, and his belief in man’s global brotherhood drove him to support a variety of causes and reform organizations. Roy expressed the necessity for a comparable organization 100 years before the League of Nations was founded.

He claimed that, just as two people would go to a court of law to settle serious disagreements, there should be an organization that could assist two nations resolve their differences. He became sick with Meningitis 10 days after landing in Bristol (UK) and died on September 27, 1833. He was first buried in the Beech House grounds, but his friend Dwarkanath Tagore had him reinterred at Aron’s Vale 10 years later. Dwarkanath Tagore sponsored the construction of a Chattri, which was designed by William Prinsep. A monument of Raja Ram Mohan Roy was also erected in Bristol in 1997.

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Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a Hindu reformer, philosopher and social activist. He is also known as the “Father of Modern India”. Reference: raja ram mohan roy paragraph in english.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who was Raja Ram Mohan Roy Short answer?

A: He was a social reformer, known as the Father of Modern India. He started the Brahmo Samaj in 1828. His efforts led to many reforms including those for women and education.

What was Raja Ram Mohan Roy known as?

A: Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a Bengali scholar and philosopher in the second half of 18th century. He is known as Rammohan Ray, or simply Rama-chandra.

Why is Ram Mohan Roy called Raja?

A: Raja is a title and name that was given to the sons of Indian Kings who were born in the Hindu religion.

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