The verb “to work” is an example of a verbal. Verbal nouns are words that end in -ing and denote the action or process by which something happens. Some other examples of verbs include walk, run, talk, ride etc.. Participles and gerunds (an infinitive ending in -ing) show actions taking place at different points during their duration.

The “gerund participle infinitive worksheets with answers” is a worksheet that includes the types of verbals, and their uses.

Types of Verbals, Participles, Gerund, Infinitive, Using, Worksheet

In this post, we’ll look at the many sorts of verbals and how to use them. After reading the whole text, you may do the worksheet to confirm your understanding.

A verbal is a noun or adjective that has been derived from a verb. Verbals, in general, convey activity without confining it to a certain period or declaring it to a specific topic.


Different kinds of verbals

Verbals are divided into three categories:

  1. Participatory (which acts as an adjective)
  2. Gerund is a word that may be used to (which acts as a noun)
  3. indefinite (which also acts as a noun)

The fundamental distinction between verbals and other nouns and adjectives is that verbals, even if they are no longer verbs, may take their own objects.

A participle is an adjective that is created from a sentence’s verb. We add -ing to the verb to produce a present participle, sometimes doubling the last consonant. (Read the rules and Participles Examples.)

  1. Singing becomes into singing.
  2. Play develops into play.
  3. Falling continues to plummet.
  4. run turns into running
  5. Begging turns into begging.

Because not all verbs generate the past tense in the same way, another sort of participle, the past participle, is a bit more tricky. All past participles are listed below:

Participles Examples

  1. the inebriated guy
  2. a city in ruins
  3. a typographical error

It’s worth noting that past participles don’t accept objects (unless they are part of a compound verb). Only transitive verbs may use their past participles as adjectives, and unlike other verbs, only transitive verbs can use their past participles as adjectives. 

The term ‘V1 + ing’ is used to describe it. It may be used as both a noun and a verb. Hence Verb-noun is another name for gerund. To make a gerund, just add -ing to the verb, exactly as we would with a present participle. (Learn about the rules and applications of the Gerund.)


  • Organizing an event entails a great deal of responsibilities.

Even though event is a noun rather than a verb, the noun phrase an event is the immediate object of the verbal arranging in this case.

  • Borrowing money is a bad habit to have.

A gerund is a word that means “to borrow.” It is the sentence’s topic. The gerund’s object is “money.”

  • It is only through seeing that one can believe. There are two gerunds in this example. The first, seeing, is the sentence’s topic. The subject complement is the second, believing.
  • Coin collecting is something I like doing. The gerund is studying in this case. The gerund’s subject is money.

The most significant distinction is that a gerund is a noun, while a participle is an adjective.

There is a distinction between gerund and participle instances.

  • Gerund Reading is something I like doing (reading is a noun acting as the direct object of the verb enjoy.)
  • Participle Keep a safe distance from the out-of-control crazy.

(The adjective uncontrollable modifies the word crazy.)

3. Verbs with infinitives

An infinitive is the simplest form of a verb, such as to speak.

An infinitive is always made up of the word ‘to’ plus the verb’s base form. There are a lot of infinitives here, and these two components are frequently, but not always, combined. (Read the Infinitive Rules and their applications.)

to run, – sleep, – weep, – yell, – jump, – play, – dance, read, – eat, – cheat, – obey, – order, – purchase

This isn’t a list of infinitives:

Do, does, did, doing, desire, wants, wanted, wanting, excel, excels, excelled, excelling, pass, passes, passed, passing, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants, wants,

An infinitive, followed by the verb’s simple form, nearly invariably begins with to:

infinitive to + verb

Because an infinitive is not a verb, we cannot finish it with -s, -es, -ed, or -ing.

Infinitive Examples

Infinitives may be employed as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence. Consider the following examples:

After she finishes her tests, Pari just wants to do one thing: play.

  • Because it is the topic of the phrase, to play serves as a noun. This play is fantastic, but my buddy refuses to see it.
  • Because it is the direct object of the verb refuses, to observe operates as a noun. Shweta usually takes a face wash with her wherever she goes to cleanse her face.

Because it modifies face wash, to wash works as an adjective.

To is generally often the first word in an infinitive. However, there are exceptions. When an infinitive follows verbs like feel, hear, help, let, create, see, and watch, it loses its to.

The pattern is as follows:

to use a special verb with a direct object and an infinitive

Some instances are as follows:

  • Amol punched the red button on the answering machine as he heard the phone ring. Heard = special verb phone = direct object ring = infinitive minus to ring = infinitive minus to ring = infinitive minus to ring = infinitive minus to
  • Mother stayed an additional hour to explain the notion of global warming to us. assisting is a unique verb. direct object = us
  • I took the lid off the cage and let Alice touch it for a time since she adored dogs. Pet = infinitive minus to let = special verb her = direct object

The following are infinitives:

  1. to do
  2. to want
  3. to excel
  4. to pass

The Use of Verbals

When we employ verbals, there are two main issues that arise.

The first is that since verbals resemble verbs, they might lead to pupils writing fragmented sentences:

  1. Oh, to be able to discover actual originality!
  2. Ajit, in the midst of the most crucial game of his life.

The second issue is a delicate one. Gerunds and present participles are independent parts of speech that must be handled differently, despite their similar appearance.

Consider the following two statements as an example:

  1. I applaud the dog’s determination to complete the race.
  2. I applaud the dog’s determination to complete the race.

Finishing is a participle modifying the noun dog in the first case; in other words, the writer admires the dog rather than what he is doing. Finishing is a participle in the second example, modified by the possessive word dog’s. The writer admires the dog’s ability to complete the race rather than the dog itself.

Worksheet/Exercise on Verbals

Read the questions and choose the right choice in the Verbal Exercise.

(1). Rani’s new home, ravaged by the elements, is worn.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(2). She had been putting forth a lot of effort to achieve her objective.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(3) The new legislation were adopted by the opposition.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(4) It is perilous to swim in the water with a high tide.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(5). Gaurav is aiming to advance to the next round.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(6). When questioned, the captain admitted to slapping the player.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(7) The Principal was forced to leave after failing to meet the expectations of the students.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(8). The instructor gave up teaching him for the performance after being disappointed by his lack of attentiveness.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(9). My mother said that the only option was to sell the home.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(10). The maid carried the little infant away to nurse him.

a. infinitive b. gerund d. verb c. participle

(Different kinds of verbals)

PDFs of Verbals

Different kinds of verbals, Participles, Gerund, Infinitive


The “verbals worksheet grade 9” is a verbals worksheet that will help students learn the different types of verbs.

Related Tags

  • verbals worksheet with answer key pdf
  • gerund participle infinitive examples
  • verbals participles as adjectives worksheet answers
  • gerund and participle exercises with answers pdf
  • verbals exercises with answers

About the Author

Simon Jameson

Simon Jameson is an expert reviewer at and has been with us since 2017. Trust his reviews as he is also a regular user of all products that he reviews.

View All Articles