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Verb is a word that describes an action, a state of being, or an emotion. Examples include “walk,” “run,” and “jump.”


Hello there, kids! We’ll be learning English Grammar Verb–Auxiliaries and Modals for Class 8 today. Modals and Auxiliary Verbs Verb-Auxiliaries and Modals: Definition, Example, and Exercise, as well as Types of Verb-Auxiliaries and Modals: We’ll practice Verb–Auxiliaries and Modals with the Verb–Auxiliaries and Modals for Class 8 Exercise/Worksheet? For class 8, we have provided CBSE English Grammar Verb-Auxiliaries and Modals.

What are auxiliary verbs and how do you use them?

Auxiliary verbs are those that assist other verbs in forming their perspective, condition, or tense. The Helping verb is another name for an auxiliary verb. It’s called an assisting verb since it assists the main verb.

To depict changes in time, auxiliary verbs such as is, are, am, will, were, have, has, do, does, and so on are used in combination with main verbs. Verb phrases are formed when assisting verbs and main verbs are mixed together.

The following is a list of auxiliary verbs:

1. be (is, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am, am (did, does) 4. the month of (might) 5. Will (should) 6. Are you able to (could) Will you be able to (would) 8. Is obligated to 9. Is obligated to 10. Is obligated to 11. You must 12. Requirement

Auxiliary verbs are classified into two groups:

  1. Auxiliaries Primary
  2. Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxilia

1. Auxiliaries Primary

Auxiliaries Primary help form the tenses, questions, negative, voice, etc. when connected with the main verbs. These auxiliaries can be used along and function as main verbs.

Auxiliaries Primary are the forms of the verb and we can divide them into three groups:

  1. The following words all begin with the letter (be): are, am, is, was, were, being, be, and been.
  2. The group comprises of words that begin with the letter (have): have, having, has, and had.
  3. The group is made up of words that start with the letter (do): did, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do, do,

To illustrate time and voice, shall, will, and forms of (do), (have), and (be) link with primary verbs. The verbs be, have, and do, as auxiliaries, may enhance form to reflect distinctions in topic and experience.

2. Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxilia

Modal or modal auxiliary verbs, in addition to the three fundamental auxiliary verbs do, be, and have, are particular verbs that do not alter their form for multiple subjects. It is used in conjunction with the primary verbs. Individually, modal auxiliary verbs are not used. These auxiliaries show what the verbs imply by “manner” or “mode” of action. 

In these patterns, you may employ modal auxiliary verbs-

main verb + modal

modal + past participle + adverbial adverbial adverbial ad 

modal + be + present participle modal + be + present participle modal + be + present participle modal 

Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxilia are utilized to show roles such as ability, possibility, permission, probability, lack of necessity, advice, prohibition, obligation, duty, etc. Common modal verbs are; can, may, could, might, would, will, should, have to, need to, used to, must, dare, etc.

The characteristics of modals

  1. Power, request, permission, possibility, willingness, advise, duty, and so on are all modals.
  2. Modals never seem to improve their shape.
  3. With modals, the initial form of the verb is used.
  4. Numbers, gender, or the person of a verb have no effect on modals.
  5. Modals verbs cannot be combined, and they lack -ing forms.
  6. To supports the use and ought of modals.

The main auxiliary differs from the modal auxiliary.

  1. The gender, number, and person of the subject modify the form of primary auxiliary, while the gender, number, and person of the subject do not change the form of modal auxiliary.
  2. The primary auxiliary may stand alone in a sentence and then be employed as the main verb, but the modal auxiliary must always be used with a complete verb.
  3. After a modal auxiliary, the first form of the verb may be employed. After them, the primary auxiliary ‘do’ also takes the first form of the verb.
  4. The present participle and past participle are placed after the primary auxiliary ‘be’ and ‘have,’ and the modal auxiliary ‘have’ or’be’ is placed after the modal, then the main verb may be presented in its many forms.
Information on how to utilize modals in detail

1. Can

In the present tense, can is used to refer to all people. The usage of can denotes the subject’s right or power, or the informality of the links. In the present, can is used to represent: capacity, request, offer, possibility, permission, and suggestion.

Can You Give Me Some Examples

  1. We have a good chance of winning the dancing competition.
  2. He can make a mean sandwich.
  3. Any personality development training is open to you.
  4. She has the ability to kick you.
  5. Is it okay if I go to my friend’s wedding?

2. Could

In the past tense, the word ‘could’ is used to describe everyone. It is common practice to ask inquiries. In the past, could was used to signify capacity, possibility, request, offer, proposal, and permission. More courtesy and civility may be implied. The past tense of ‘can’ is ‘could.’


  1. When I was younger, I was a good dancer.
  2. I could take a long trip if I had the automobile.
  3. Is it possible for you to lend me your earbuds for an hour?
  4. I could go to math tutoring on weekends.
  5. If you work hard enough, you may be able to succeed.

3. May

For all individuals in the present and future tenses, the term may is used. The word “may” is frequently used to express someone else’s consent. It’s a word that means “possibility,” “desire,” “permit,” “suggest,” and “give.”


  1. Is it okay if I call the meeting to a close right now?
  2. My folks may pay us a visit tomorrow.
  3. I may be able to get a new outfit from here anytime I need one.
  4. For the celebration, you are welcome to dress in my clothing.
  5. Jatin could show up today.

4. Might

Might is a verb in the past tense that indicates a faraway possibility. Might is used as a past tense counterpart of may. When making a request, using the word “may” conveys more politeness, a lack of confidence, or apprehension. Might is a perfect tense verb.


  1. He could be willing to back me up in the competition.
  2. Is it possible for me to sing?
  3. The kids speculated that the instructor may show there.
  4. This ice cream is worth a try.
  5. My father may be able to recover.

5. The words should and would

Should is used as a past tense counterpart of shall. Duty, responsibility, advise, likelihood, expectation, obligation, and gentle command are all represented by the word “should.”

Would is often used for offers, but it may also refer to learning about other people’s decisions. It indicates hypothetical future situations, courteous requests, preferences, desires, and historical behavior.


  1. The painting competition is something you should enter.
  2. They should put forth a lot of effort to pass this test.
  3. Would you be interested in attending my sister’s wedding?
  4. He would sit and play video games for hours.
  5. She should go to the dancing courses on a regular basis.

6. Shall and Will

With the second and third person, the word ‘will’ is used to express pure future acts. With the front person, the word ‘will’ is used to convey promise, threat, determination, resolve, willingness, or offer. ‘Will’ is controlled with the second and third person in interrogative phrases.

“Shall” is used in the first person to represent pure future action, whereas it is used in the second and third person to convey resolve, threat, order, and promise. In an interrogative statement, the use of shall with the first person denotes a recommendation, or the willingness of the other person.


  1. I’m going to go for a morning stroll right now.
  2. Do you want to travel to Darjeeling with me?
  3. Tomorrow, we’ll fly to Mumbai.
  4. She will be rewarded for her generosity.
  5. This subject will be discussed more tomorrow.

7. Necessity and Risk

Need is used as the main verb they are followed by to + first form of the verb and used only in the present tense for all the persons. As an auxiliary verb need is used to express obligation or necessity. Need also used as Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxilia to form interrogative sentences and negative sentences.

Because they may be employed as main verbs and are preceded by to + initial form of the verb, dare is also known as semi–modals. In negative phrases, the word dare denotes risk, defiance, or challenge, as well as bravery. Dare can be used in interrogative phrases as well.


  1. She must talk in a courteous manner.
  2. You have no right to touch my laptop.
  3. I’m working on a science project and need your help.
  4. You are not allowed to mention her brother.
  5. He should go through the Social Science chapters once again.

8. The words “used to” and “ought to” are interchangeable.

The entire infinitive ‘to’ is used in conjunction with used. It doesn’t have a present tense.

Ought is a modal verb as well. For the present, past, or future tense, the form of ought is used. It denotes a substantial likelihood as well as a moral responsibility.


  1. Mike should be taken on time.
  2. Every day, I used to read English newspapers.
  3. She should adore dogs.
  4. My mum is used to going to the NGO on a daily basis.
  5. A dance should be well prepared by the children.

Class 8 Verb-Auxiliaries and Modals Worksheet

Fill up the blanks with relevant models.

  1. You ___(might/could) live a long life!
  2. When he was ten, he ____(could) speak two languages.
  3. You ___(should/would) see her most recent films.
  4. Will we embark on the lengthy drive today?
  5. This is a dish you ___(might/might) want to try.
  6. Please, ____(should/will) you refrain from gossiping.
  7. He has misplaced your watch and ___(dares/musts) not inform you.
  8.  In the mornings, I ___(used to/needed) to play cricket.
  9. She is free to go to the park anytime she wants.
  10. You ___(should/dare) seek medical advice.


  1. May
  2. Could
  3. Should
  4. Shall
  5. Might
  6. Will
  7. Dare
  8. Used to
  9. May
  10. Ought to


Click on the link below to obtain a pdf of the Verb-Auxiliaries and Modals for Class 8 worksheet.

Download the PDF version here (149 downloads)





“Verb hair” is a word that means “to do something with the hands.”. Reference: verb hair.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are examples of a verb?

A: To perform a verb is to do an action that has some form of change. Some examples of verbs would be, to open or to close.

What is a verb give 5 examples?

A: To give something is to voluntarily transfer possession or control over something, such as money. It can also mean to provide a gift. Some examples of giving are donating blood, offering help in an emergency situation and distributing food among people who need it.

What are the 20 verbs?

A: Here is a list of the 20 verbs that you can use to ask me questions.

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