India has been plagued by water scarcity that is both lethal and preventable. In this essay, we will cover the causes of India’s water crisis & its possible solutions to it.

Water scarcity is a global issue that has been affecting many countries. India is one of the hardest hit countries due to its water crisis. This essay will discuss the water scarcity in India and how it affects children.

Water Crisis in India Essay for Students, Children in 1000+ Words

In this page, you will find a 1000+ word essay about India’s water situation for kids and youngsters. This discusses the causes, present state, and government initiatives to address the Indian water issue.

Essay about India’s Water Crisis (1000+ Words)

Man’s existence would not be possible without water, and he would be unable to work. People need water in order to survive. Water covers more than 70% of the earth’s surface, although the majority of it isn’t saline or edible. Only 0.6 percent of the world’s total water for human use is available as sensitive water.   

The Impact of the Water Crisis on Indians

In terms of water, we’ve been the largest washout in history. People are being lured to drink a can each in different locations, yet cultivation is not being completed due to a lack of water. Groundwater reserves are soon depleted.

Whereas the water used to be merged after a few feet of burrowing, the residue is now observed flying when tunneling from 800 to 12 hundred feet.

The ability to taste is fading. There are no wells or lakes remaining at this time. We continue to hunt for water in the earth as the rainwater flows into the canals and streams. Individuals are proving to be life’s greatest opponent.

According to a World Bank research, over 3 lakh ranchers have died in India over the last 20 years as a result of the drought, and 2 lakh people die on a regular basis due to a lack of safe drinking water. Currently, in India, 9.70 crore people living in helpless territories in metropolitan areas do not have access to safe drinking water.

Because of the main problem of a water shortage in India’s provincial territories, the country’s population is being forced to relocate to urban areas where they were previously unable to do so, resulting in an increase in the weight of an unrestrained population in urban areas. A key reason for the migration to urban regions is a lack of water in the country’s rural parts.

India’s Water Crisis: Causes and Consequences

The concerns of a water crisis or emergency in India are largely seen in the southern and northwestern areas of the country; the topography of these places is designed to receive less precipitation, thus the southwest rainfall doesn’t get deluge on the Chennai coast. Furthermore, when the storm approaches the northwest, it weakens, resulting in a reduction in the amount of precipitation.

In India, storm insecurity is also a major contributor to the current water issue. Precipitation has decreased recently as a result of El Nino’s influence, resulting in a water emergency situation.

India’s rural biology is viable with crops that demand more water for production, such as rice, wheat, sugarcane, jute, and cotton, among others. However, India’s water issue is particularly ubiquitous in the agricultural regions where these harvests are harvested. Because to the expansion of agriculture in Haryana and Punjab, India is experiencing a water problem.

In Indian cities, genuine efforts to reuse water assets are not being done, which is why the problem of a water emergency in metropolitan regions has reached a critical stage. The great majority of water in metropolitan areas is properly dumped into a river rather than being reused.

Individuals are not aware of the need of water conservation. Water abuse is on the rise; lawns, car washing, leaving the jug open at the time of water consumption, and so forth.

Situation Right Now 

India is now experiencing its most serious water crisis in its history. Around 60 crore people in the country are suffering from severe water scarcity. Almost two lakh people lose their livelihoods on a regular basis due to a lack of safe water. This was revealed in a study released by the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog).

‘By 2030, the nation’s interest in water will expand the accessibility of water circulation,’ according to the paper. This will result in a serious water emergency for millions of people, as well as a 6% drop in the country’s GDP.

Using data acquired by independent organizations, the research indicates that India ranks 120th out of 122 countries on the Water Quality Index, with about 70% of water being polluted. 

‘Right now, 60 crore Indians are facing the most severe water crises, and two lakh people are losing their livelihoods on a regular basis due to a lack of adequate access to clean water,’ according to the NITI Aayog study.

The Indian government’s efforts

1. 1987 National Water Policy 

In 1987, the first mention of a national water policy was made. Different water conservation measures with lawful usage and equal distribution of water assets were implemented under this framework. 

2. National Water Policy (National Water Policy) (National Water Policy) (National Water Policy) 

On April 1, 2002, the National Water Resources Council approved the National Water Policy, 2002. 

National Water Board No. 3 

In September 1990, the Indian government formed the National Water Board, which is chaired by the Secretary of the Ministry of Water Resources. This is to periodically examine the progress of the National Water Policy’s implementation and to educate the National Water Resources Council. 

4. Directorate of National River Conservation (NRCD) 

The National River Conservation Directorate assists state governments in implementing the river and lake activity programs established under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) and the National Lake Conservation Plan (NSCP). 

5. The Council for Artificial Ground Water Recharge has issued a warning. 

Under the leadership of the Minister of Water Resources, the Government formed the Advisory Council on Counterfeit Groundwater Energy in 2006.

6. Make preparations for a phony groundwater revival through deep wells.

According to the warning collection for false groundwater revival, the strategy is being implemented in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu.

7. National Water Award and Ground Water Promotion Award 

In the year 2007, the Ministry of Water Resources established 18 Ground Water Promotion Awards, including a National Water Award. The primary purpose of bestowing these prizes is to encourage people to contribute to the improvement of groundwater via water harvesting and fake groundwater energy.

8. Project for Water Harvesting and Promotion 

This initiative was started by the Uttar Pradesh government in order to address the problem of India’s water shortage. Lakes and lakes will be developed as the principal techniques for the water system in the communities under this initiative. Under this endeavour, effort is being done to collect pledges.

Ten lines on India’s Water Crisis

  1. To be honest, we keep water since it is a need of the day.  
  2. Leakage tanks should be installed under nurseries, open areas, and the green strip zone along the side of the road. 
  3. Tamil Nadu (T.N.) and Andhra Pradesh (A.P.) are two states that have experienced water shortages in the past. 
  4. If the northern and southern streams can be linked, all states would have access to unlimited water. 
  5. The world’s oldest human civilization, which arose around the Indus and Ganges, is still thriving. 
  6. Groundwater provides around 40% of the water demand in urban India.
  7. Only 3% of the world’s water is fresh, and roughly 33% of it is contaminated.
  8. Water collecting offices should be located in every autonomous house/level and gathering lodging province. 
  9. Following independence, the need of addressing the intensity of water via management and capacity of water through massive dams was given considerable consideration. 
  10. Despite accounting for 13% of India’s area, just 1% of the country’s population has access to water.


So, you’ve just finished reading an essay about India’s water crisis.

Water is the most valuable resource on the planet, and we must protect it for ourselves and future generations. Water, executives, and protection mechanisms all exist in India; the question is the extent to which they are used. 

The implementation of initiatives must be sustained, and their application must be ensured, so that the country’s most significant problem of water pollution may be addressed.

I hope you enjoyed this essay about India’s Water Crisis.

The “water scarcity essay in 500 words” is a short essay that describes the water crisis in India. It also includes a paragraph about how the country has been trying to solve this problem.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the water crisis in India?

A: The water crisis in India involves the Indian government failing to provide enough access to clean drinking water, resulting in a large number of people dying from preventable diseases as they lack proper sanitation facilities.

How do I write a water crisis article?

A: This is a difficult question for me to answer. I will refer you to the following article which could help in writing your own water crisis articles.

What is water shortage essay?

A: Water shortage is a water-scarce condition in which there exists or will exist an unmet social, economic, environmental and institutional need for access to safe drinking water.

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